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Career Planning Begins with Assessment Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults.

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Presentation on theme: "Career Planning Begins with Assessment Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults."— Presentation transcript:

1 Career Planning Begins with Assessment Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults

2 2 What this session will cover: The factors that contribute to career planning challenges faced by vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities The experiences that support their transition to adulthood and the career planning process. How assessment is used during transition to ensure quality career planning for youth.

3 3 What is Career Planning? Career planning is a set of activities designed for youth to make informed choices about academic programs, training, and work. To be successful, youth need access to a specific range of experiences that allow them to explore their interests and the many options available to them.

4 4 What is Assessment? Assessment is the process of collecting data for the purpose of making decisions. It is the part of career planning that closely examines the interests and abilities of each individual to establish a basis for identifying appropriate types of employment, training, and career development possibilities.

5 5 Nine factors that often lead to transition challenges Diagnosed disabilities Hidden or undiagnosed disabilities Chronic illness Poverty Immigrant statusculture and language Teen parenthood Involvement in the juvenile or adult justice system Homelessness Involvement in the foster care system

6 6 Experiences supporting development and the career planning processThe Five Guideposts 1. School-Based Preparatory Experiences 2. Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences 3. Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities 4. Connecting Activities & Support Services 5. Family Involvement Activities

7 7 1. School-Based Preparatory Experiences Standards and high expectations Based on meaningful indicators of student learning and skills Career and technical education options Accommodations and adaptive technology for youth with disabilities

8 8 2. Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences Secondary and postsecondary In-school and community-based Structured exposure in paid and unpaid work Mentoring and Internships Ongoing assessment Collaborative support

9 9 3. Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities Activities that allow youth to control and direct their own lives based on informed decisions – Self-advocacy – Conflict resolution – Personal leadership – Community Service – Mentoring

10 10 4. Connecting Activities & Support Services Physical and mental health services Transportation Tutoring Financial planning and management Postsecondary supports Assistive technology for youth with disabilities

11 11 5. Family Involvement and Supports Access to community resources Opportunities to be engaged in decision making Opportunities to learn about legislation, disabilities, and career options

12 12 IDEA & Thirteen Categories of Disability Autism Deafness Deaf-blindness Hearing Impairment Mental Retardation Multiple Impairments Orthopedic Impairment Other Health Impairment Serious Emotional Disturbance Specific Leaning Disability Speech or Language Impairment Traumatic Brain Injury Visual Impairment or Blindness

13 13 Federal child count (ages 12 through 17) 19872000 Primary disability categoryNumber% % Learning disability1,014,61859.91,649,30661.6 Speech/language impairment104,9686.2129,6834.8 Mental retardation292,74617.3312,13311.7 Emotional disturbance196,15311.6286,90910.7 Hearing impairment17,3771.032,7231.2 Visual impairment7,905.511,865.4 Orthopedic impairment16,2081.031,0321.2 Other health impairment19,5721.2142,8535.3 Multiple disabilities23,6311.452,0741.9 Deaf-blindness a/ 252.0518.0 Autism b/ NA22,289.8 Traumatic brain injury b/ NA7,711.3 All disabilities1,693,4302,679,096

14 14 Hidden Disabilities Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Traumatic Brain Injury Mental Health or Emotional Problems Mental Retardation Chemical Health Issues

15 15 Issues Related to Hidden Disabilities Disclosure Screening and Assessment Referrals to Consultants Education and Training Programs Judicial System and Treatment Programs

16 16 Out of School Youth with Disabilities Eligibility and access to services Vocational Rehabilitation Workforce Investment Act -Youth Services -Adult Services

17 17 Meeting an Individuals Career Planning Assessment NeedsFive Goals 1. Multiple Options 2. Self-Advocacy: Person Centered Planning 3. Bridging Academic and Career Needs 4. Access to Critical Information 5. Professional Adult Assistance

18 18 The Four Domains of Assessment Educational Psychological Vocational Medical

19 19 Formal Testing Instruments in Assessment Seven Areas of Testing and Performance Review 1. Academic Performance or Achievement 2. Cognitive Abilities 3. Behavior, Social, and Emotional Issues 4. Vocational Interests 5. Job Aptitudes 6. Certification of Occupational Competencies 7. Physical and Functional Capacities

20 20 1. Academic Performance or Achievement Testing Purposes of Assessment in Academic Planning: Determine eligibility for special services Aid student placement and instruction Support accountability efforts The goal is to identify the academic skills, learning styles, cognitive abilities, and educational challenges of individual youth.

21 21 2. Cognitive Abilities Testing Educational Domain – Intelligence Testing Psychological Domain – Neuropsychological testing – Testing for learning disabilities

22 22 3. Behavioral, Social, and Emotional Issues Their impact on youth Behavioral testing and assessment Mental health diagnostic testing Chemical health diagnostic testing

23 23 Vocational Assessments Interest testing Job aptitudes Certification of occupational competency Physical and functional capacities

24 24 4. Vocational Interests Tests Lead to pragmatic academic and career planning Can be purchased or found on line at many Web sites Many government sites have forms of these tests Should not be used to screen out

25 25 5. Job Aptitudes, Habits, and Skills Wide variety of written or performance assessments KSAsknowledge, skills, and abilities Situational work assessments Work sample testing Analysis of work environments

26 26 7. Physical and Functional Capacities Vocational Work Capacities – Work Tolerance – Motor Skills and Manual Dexterity – Assistive Technology Assessments – Post-secondary and Workplace Accommodations

27 27 7. Physical and Functional Capacities Medical Medical Diagnostic Testing Speech/Language, Physical, and Occupational Therapies Treatment

28 28 Independent Living Skills Assessments Transportation and mobility Personal care Recreation and leisure Home maintenance Communication skills

29 29 Testing Accommodations Reliability and Validity Publisher Guidelines Institutional Guidelines Four Types of Accommodation – Presentation Format – Response Format – Setting – Timing

30 30 Factors in Choosing Published Tests and Assessments Reliability Validity Fairness Cost Time needed to administer and score Qualifications of test administrator Ease of use Reporting format

31 31 Career Planning Begins with Assessment The Guide Other Features: Directory of Commonly-Used Published Tests Building an Assessment Infrastructure Ethical and Fair Assessment Practices Confidentiality and Privacy Issues Useful Forms and Exhibits

32 32 Our Web Sites The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth The National Center on Secondary Education and Transition

33 33 Types of Products and Resources How to Guides Information and Policy Briefs Background Papers Facts and Statistics Hot Topics Syntheses Funding Sources Training Materials

34 34 Presenters Joe Timmons Jen Fitz-Roy Peter Squire

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