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Globalizing Science Courses in the Online Environment

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1 Globalizing Science Courses in the Online Environment
The iPod Generation: Globalizing Science Courses in the Online Environment Presider: LeeAnne Edmonds Presenters: Nahel Awadallah Amy Noel Sampson Community College

2 Generational Differences Research & Literature
Not Standardized Variations & Differences Names & Terminology Span of Years Generalized Common Values, Behaviors, & History Conflicting Opinions Great deal of variation among the research methods, data sources, etc. Stats from valid data-collection sources (Inst. for Social Research) combined with surveys of HS students. Categories based on common traits & similarities. Conflicting opinions about socio-economic projections for each group – depends on perspective.

3 Oblinger & 2005 Lancaster Stillman 2002 Martin Tulgan Zemke, Raines, &
Filipczak 1999 Matures 1920 – 1946 Traditionalists Silent Generation 1925 – 1942 Veterans Baby Boomers Gen Xers Generation Xers Generation X Gen Y Net Gen Millenials Echo Boomer Generation Y Baby Busters Generation Next Nexters Post Millenials Present Other names for the next generation “Z” & “D” L & S also define “Cuspers” as those born between generations – may exhibit overlapping characteristics.

4 The Lost Generation (1883–1900)
Was named by Ernest Hemingway Known as “World War I Generation” Known as the “Generation of Fire” A generation that was seeking stability Adhere to specific value system and are willing to enforce it

5 The Greatest Generation (1901–1924)
Named by journalist Tom Brokaw World war II Generation Tom stated that “the soldiers fought not for the fame and recognition, but because it was the right thing to do.” Those who stayed home and who returned from the war contributed significantly to industrialization.

6 The Silent Generation (1925–1942)
Named after the cover story of Time dated Nov. 5th, 1951. It stated their characteristics as “grave and fatalistic, conventional, possessing confused morals, expecting disappointment but desiring faith, and for women, desiring both a career and a family.”

7 The Baby Boomers (1943–1960) Describe individuals that were born post world war II baby boom between 1946 and 1964. Having fun by having many babies. Substantial population growth. Seventy-six million American children were born between 1945 and 1964. Known as the “sandwich generation” because they have to take care of their children and elderly parents. They are the first to have television. Rock & roll generation. Contributed to the expansion of individual freedoms.

8 Generation X (1961–1981) Family values are changing.
Teen agers are sleeping together before marriage. Did not have as many babies. Not as religious. Tolerate authority up to a certain extent. More focused on money than anything. More females in the work place. Individualism becoming important. “what is in it for me”. Influenced by social changes and problems such as high divorce rate, HIV and drugs.

9 Generation Y (1982–2001) Higher living costs More ambitious
Brand conscious Tend to move jobs more often than previous generations. High divorce rate Working parents Peer oriented IPod generation

10 Generation Z (2001– present)
If you think we have problems now, wait for “Generation Z” GOD HELP US For now lets worry about the iPOD generation

11 The iPod Generation

12 Characteristics of the iPod Generation
“Digital Natives” of the Technology Age Process Information Rapidly Learn Interactively Share Knowledge Informally Group Centric Constant Connectivity Require High Levels of Feedback Value Education Grew up with computers, Internet, cell phones, iPods.

13 Are They Really That Different?
Use Increasingly Sophisticated Technology Shorter Attention Spans Quicker Reaction & Response Read More Than Any Other Generation Difficulty Reasoning & Reflecting Still Undergoing Brain Development Face More Challenges Than Ever Before Research is inconclusive and can’t be reliably validated. Some social and behavioral experts believe they are fundamentally different – smarter, more sophisticated technology skills. Others argue that there are no fundamental differences in terms of intellect and ability across generations. Face terrorism, gang violence, economic uncertainty

14 Is Our Educational System Designed For Them?
View Lectures as Boring & Uninteresting Become Easily Disengaged Used to Learning in a Highly Interactive Way Need Instant Feedback & Evaluation Want to Work Smarter Not Harder Prefer to Seek Information at Their Own Pace Information Technology Skills May Exceed Those of Their Teachers

15 The Impact of Globalization
Related to Economics & Business Implications for Education, Health Care, & Information Technology Sharing The U.S. is no longer Predominant in terms of Research, Science, & Technology Next Generation Needs a Competitive Edge Gen-Y is the First Generation in Decades that may not Surpass Previous Ones

16 Benefits of e-Learning
Greater Mobility & Convenience Increases Course Availability Lowers the Cost of Instruction & Tuition No Time Constraints for Students/Faculty Increases Opportunities for Collaboration Increases Access to Wide Variety of Expertise Allows Students to Work at Their Own Pace Creates a Global Learning Community

17 Challenges of Online Courses
Interactive Laboratory Exercises Understanding Difficult Topics Group Work and Interaction Instructor/Student Communication Class Integrity: Attendance and Exams Retention Rate

18 Laboratory Ideas Campus/Hybrid – Face-to-Face or Online with Labs on Campus Simulations – Do not provide practical laboratory skills or measurement, instrumentation, and analysis. Commercial Lab Kits – LabPaqs dispel the myth of online lab science

19 Examples Of Exercises EXERCISE 1: Using the Microscope
EXERCISE 2: Histology EXERCISE 3: Classification of Body Membranes EXERCISE 4: Overview of the Skeletal System EXERCISE 5: The Axial and Appendicular Skeleton EXERCISE 6: Joints and Body Movements EXERCISE 7: Organization of Muscle Tissue EXERCISE 8: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System EXERCISE 9: Muscle Physiology EXERCISE 10: Organization of Nervous Tissue EXERCISE 11: Gross Anatomy of the Central Nervous System EXERCISE 12: Reflex and Sensory Physiology

20 Conclusions Generational Differences are not Definitive
Observations About Online Learning Technology can be Used to Enhance Instruction Distance Education and Face-to-Face Instruction can be Equally Effective Access to Information does not Equal Knowledge

21 References Aldridge, C. (2006). Simulations and the future of learning: An innovative (and perhaps) revolutionary approach to e-learning. San Francisco: Pfeiffer. Aldridge, C. (2005). Learning by doing: A comprehensive guide to simulation, computer games, and pedagogy in e-learning and other educational experiences. San Francisco: Pfeiffer. Bernard, R. M., Abrami, P.C., Lou, Y., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Wozney, L., Wallet, P.A., Fiset, M., & Huang, B. (2004). How does distance education compare to classroom instruction? A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Review of Educational Research, 74(3), Brown, J.S., & Duguid, P. (2000). The social life of information. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since New York: Teachers College Press. Dillon, A. & Gabbard, R. (1998) Hypermedia as an educational technology: A review of the quantitative research literature on learner comprehension, control and style. Review of Educational Research, 68(3), Healy, J. (1998). Failure to connect: How computers affect our children’s minds – for better and worse. New York: Simon & Schuster.

22 References Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (2000). Millennials rising: The next great generation. New York: Vintage Books. Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (1993). 13th gen: Abort, retry, ignore, fail? New York: Vintage Books. Johnson, S. (2005). Everything bad is good for you: How today’s popular culture is actually making us smarter. New York: Riverhead Books. Lancaster, L. C., & Stillman, D. (2002). When generations collide. Who they are. Why they clash. How to solve the generational puzzle at work. New York: Collins Business. Martin, C.A., & Tulgan, B. (2002). Managing the generational mix. Amherst, MA: HRD Press. Martin, C.A., & Tulgan, B. (2001). Managing generation Y. Amherst, MA: HRD Press. Oblinger, D. G. (2003). Boomers, gen-xers, and millennials: Understanding the “new students.” EDUCAUSE Review 38(4), Oblinger, D. , & Oblinger J.(Eds.). (2005). Educating the Net Gen. Washington, DC: EDUCAUSE.

23 References O’Neill, S. (2000) Millennials Rising by Neil Howe and William Strauss. Flak. Retrieved from . Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon. NCB University Press, 9 (5). Retrieved from . Reeves, T.C., & Oh, E. (2006) Do Generational Differences Matter In Instructional Design? Retrieved from . Saettler, P. (1990). The evolution of American educational technology. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited. Tapscott, D. (1998). Growing up digital: The rise of the net generation. New York: McGraw Hill. Twenge, J. M. (2006). Generation me: Why today’s young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled – and more miserable than ever before. New York: Free Press. Zemke, R., Raines, C., & Filipczak, B. (2000). Generations at work: Managing the class of veterans, boomers, x-ers, and nexters in your workplace. New York: AMACON.

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