Presentation on theme: "Tuesday September 4, 2012 1.Take Attendance 2.Sign up for wiki 3.Rules/ Regulations 4.Doodling 5.Intro to Book."— Presentation transcript:
Tuesday September 4, 2012 1.Take Attendance 2.Sign up for wiki http://raduegepsychology.wikispaces.com/ 3.Rules/ Regulations 4.Doodling 5.Intro to Book Assignment 6.Chapter 1 Assignment
Straw Demonstration The three volunteers were given the same materials and the same directions, yet they had very different results. Why is this? -Internal Factors -External Factors What other questions can you ask about this demonstration?
1. Why Study Psychology? The word psychology comes from the Greek. Psyche meaning Mind or soul Logos meaning Study of
1. Why Study Psychology? Definition of Psychology: The science that discovers the behavior of organisms Behavior: Any action that other people can observe and measure Mental Processes: Cognitive activities
The Goals of Psychology Observe Behavior Describe Behavior Explain Behavior Predict Behavior Control Behavior
Psychology as a Science Psychology is considered a social science like history, anthropology, economics, and political science because like these other social sciences, it also studies human nature and human society. However, Psychology also incorporates the natural sciences like biology, chemistry and physics
2. What do Psychologists Do? Industrial/Organizational Psychologist
2. What do Psychologists Do? School Psychologist
2. What do Psychologists Do? Educational Psychologist
2. What do Psychologists Do? Developmental Psychologist
2. What do Psychologists Do? Experimental Psychologist
2. What do Psychologists Do? Personality Psychologist
2. What do Psychologists Do? Social Psychologists
2. What do Psychologists Do? Clinical Psychologists Only 1/3 of psychologists are clinical psychologists
2. What do Psychologists Do? Differences Between Psychologists and Psychiatrist Psychologists Psychiatrist Not medical doctorsAre medical doctors Can’t prescribe medicationCan prescribe medication Can only use psychotherapy Can use psychotherapy and medical treatments Only 1/3 treat mental disordersAll treat mental disorders
4. During the Middle Ages, people attributed mental illness to possession by demons.
4. Contemporary Perspectives There are six main psychological perspectives Biological Cognitive Humanistic Psychoanalytic Behavioral Sociocultural
The Biological Perspective Biological Psychologists look for connections between events in the brain and behavior and mental processes. Biological Psychologists have learned that certain chemicals in the brain are connected with the storage of information– that is formation of memories. Biological psychologists are also interested in the influences of hormones and genes. (Hormones are released in the bloodstream and control functions such as growth and digestion. Genes are the basic building blocks of heredity.
The Cognitive Perspective The Cognitive Psychologists focus on how people think. They are interested in how people take in, process, store, and retrieve information.
The Humanistic Perspective The Humanistic Perspective stresses the human capacity for self-fulfillment and the capacity to make choices. The humanists believe in free will. They also believe that healthy people have an innate drive to realize their potentialities. They view people as basically good and emphasize conscious thought.
The Psychoanalytic Perspective We associate Freud with this perspective. The Psychoanalytic Perspective stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behavior. This perspective also stresses the impact of unresolved conflict in childhood
The Behavioral/Learning Perspective The founding father of this perspective is John B. Watson. The Behavioral Perspective believes that we learn certain responses through rewards and punishments.
The Social-Cultural Perspective The Sociocultural Perspective addresses such issues as: Ethnicity Culture Socioeconomic Status They also examine gender
Neuroscience: Perhaps Dennis Rodman has a high level of estrogen that makes him feel as though he should wear women’s clothes. Psychodynamic: Perhaps Dennis was traumatized as a child when he was not permitted to have a Halloween costume. He has repressed the memory into his unconscious, but, as a result dresses in outrageous clothing to try and overcompensate for his loss as a child. Behavioral: Perhaps whenever Dennis dyed his hair or got a new tattoo he was rewarded with a lot of attention. Dennis liked the attention so he continues to dye his hair and add to his tattoo collection.
Cognitive: Dennis interprets his role in the NBA as needing to create attention for his team. As a result, he thinks that by cross-dressing, dying his hair, and tattooing his body, his team will get the attention and press that it requires. Social-Cultural: Perhaps in the NBA culture, these behaviors occur often and are widely accepted; thus, Dennis Rodman believes his behavior to be typical and not out of the ordinary. Humanistic: Dennis has free will to dress and behave any way he wants. Perhaps he feels that by that by tattooing his body and dying his hair he is reaching his full potential as unique individual.