Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byWilliam Curran Modified over 4 years ago

1
Sequential learning in dynamic graphical model Hao Wang, Craig Reeson Department of Statistical Science, Duke University Carlos Carvalho Booth School of Business, The University of Chicago

2
Motivating example: forecasting stock return covariance matrix Observe p- vector stock return time series Interested in forecast conditional covariance matrix WHY? Buy dollar stock i Expected return Risks

3
Daily return of a portfolio (S&P500)

4
How to forecast: index model Common index Uncorrelated error terms Covariance structure Assumption: stocks move together only because of common movement with indexes (e.g. market)

5
Uncorrelated residuals? An exploratory analysis on 100 stocks Possible signals Index explains a lots

6
Seeking structure to relax uncorrelated assumption Perhaps too simple Perhaps too complex Sparse signals

7
Structures: Gaussian graphical model Graph exhibits conditional independencies ~ missing edges International exchange rates example, p=11 Carvalho, Massam, West, Biometrika, 2007 No edge:

8
Dynamic matrix-variate models Example: Core class of matrix-variate DLMs Multivariate stochastic volatility: Variance matrix discounting model for Conjugate, closed-form sequential learning/updating and forecasting (Quintana 1987; Q&W 1987; Q et al 1990s) Multivariate stochastic volatility: Variance matrix discounting model for Conjugate, closed-form sequential learning/updating and forecasting (Quintana 1987; Q&W 1987; Q et al 1990s)

9
-- Global structure: stochastic change of indexes affecting return of all assets, e.g. SV model -- Local structure: local dependences not captured by index, e.g. graphical model -- Dynamic structure: adaptively relating low dimension index to high dimension returns e.g. DLM

10
Random regression vector and sequential forecasting 1-step covariance forecasts : Mild assumption: 1-step covariance forecasts : Variance from graphical structured error terms Variance from regression vector Analytic updates

11
Graphical model adaptation AIM: historical data gradually lose relevance to inference of current graphs Residual sample covariance matrices

12
Graphical model uncertainty Challenges: Interesting graphs? graphs Graphical model search Jones et al (2005) Stat Sci: static models MCMC Metropolis Hasting Shotgun stochastic search Scott & Carvalho (2008): Feature inclusion Challenges: Interesting graphs? graphs Keys: >> Analytic evaluation of posterior probability of any graph …

13
Sequential model search Time t-1, N top graphs At time t, evaluate posterior of top N graphs from time t-1 Random choose one graph from N graphs according to their new posteriors Shotgun stochastic search Stop searching when model averaged covariance matrix estimates does not differ much between the last two steps, and proceed to time t+1

14
100 stock example Monthly returns of randomly selected 100 stocks, 01/1989 – 12/2008 Two index model Capital asset pricing model: market Fama-French model: market, size effect, book-to-price effect, about 60 monthly moving window How sparse signals help?

15
Time-varying sparsity

16
Performance of correlation matrix prediction

17
Performance on portfolio optimization

18
Bottom line For either set of regression variables we chose, we will perhaps be better off by identifying sparse signals than assuming uncorrelated/fully correlated residuals

Similar presentations

OK

Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives, 4th edition © 1999 by John C. Hull 14.1 Value at Risk Chapter 14.

Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives, 4th edition © 1999 by John C. Hull 14.1 Value at Risk Chapter 14.

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

By using this website, you agree with our use of **cookies** to functioning of the site. More info in our Privacy Policy and Google Privacy & Terms.

Ads by Google

Ppt on needle stick injury ppt Ppt on instrument landing system cost Edit ppt online Ppt on cost center accounting Ppt on network layer design issues Ppt on section 186 of companies act 2013 Ppt on computer languages list Ppt on fire drill in company Ppt on teachers day in english Ppt on the rise of nationalism in europe class 10