Presentation on theme: " Objectives: Describe Western Europe after Rome’s collapse. Describe how Germanic tribes carved Europe into small kingdoms. Explain how Charlemagne."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives: Describe Western Europe after Rome’s collapse. Describe how Germanic tribes carved Europe into small kingdoms. Explain how Charlemagne briefly reunited much of Western Europe and what happened to his empire after his death.
Post Roman Empire Political, social, economic decline Dark Ages Middle Ages 500 AD to 1500 AD
What were the Middle Ages and what were they dominated by? Catholic Church rises in power Feudalism/Move away from cities Knights Lack of education Brought about by fall of Roman Empire and different tribes leading to divisions.
Muslim army crossed into France Charles Martel rallied Frankish warriors Christians triumphed Sign of God? Or Christian Savior?
King of Franks Became known as Charlemagne Reunites large parts of Roman empire Further brings Church and state together --> Christendom Missi Dominicis Revival of Learning and Latin culture
The invasions of the Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars weakened emperor’s ability to maintain law and order Result? Feudalism ▪ Organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords ▪ Lesser lords (vassals), pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord
Feudal contract Feudal contract Lord granted his vassal a fief (estate / land) ▪ Peasants to work the land were included
Lord promised to protect his vassal Vassal pledged loyalty to his lord 40 days of military service pledged
Monarch Powerful Lords (Dukes and Counts) – Largest fiefs ▪ Vassals ▪ Vassals had vassals
Knights – Mounted warriors Knights – Mounted warriors Boy was slated to be a Knight early Difficult training Tournaments a part of life and training
Brave, loyal, and true to their word Code of conduct developed by the Church to calm the knights down.
To guard the honour of fellow knights To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit To keep faith At all times to speak the truth To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun To respect the honour of women Never to refuse a challenge from an equal Never to turn the back upon a foe To fear God and maintain His Church To serve the liege lord in valour and faith To protect the weak and defenceless To give succour [assistance] to widows and orphans To refrain from the wanton [deliberate, unprovoked] giving of offence To live by honour and for glory To despise pecuniary [monetary] reward To fight for the welfare of all To obey those placed in authority
The lord’s estate Peasants referred to as serfs Work the land and manor Pay taxes Bound to the land Guaranteed food, housing and land
Feudalism=political/social breakdown Manorialism=economic breakdown Fought, Prayed, or Worked, all dependent upon birth What does this system resemble in terms of other historical periods? Why would serfs agree to this system?