3 IntroThe Rise of Feudalism was a direct result of the collapse of the Roman Empire, and its controlFeudalism is at the center of the time period we call the Middle AgesThe middle ages lasted from the Fall of the Roman Empire around 400c.e. to about 1400c.e.The middle ages occurred in Western and Central EuropeThis was a period of time often called the “Dark Ages” because of low standard of living for most EuropeansThis period of time was dominated mostly by Feudalism and the Roman Catholic ChurchAnswer this question on a piece of paper. Why do you think so many people would be willing to give up their freedom and standard of living during the Middle Ages?
5 The Fall of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire at its height in 117c.e. controlled nearly all of EuropeThey provided a strong central government and infrastructure (Roads, trade routes, bridges, etc.) that kept Europe peaceful and prosperous.The collapse of the Roman Empire left a void of power and governmental control in Europe.This lead to chaos and power strugglesEurope became divided and difficult to travel acrossPeople had to work hard simply to surviveThe culture universal pyramid for Europe had collapsedPeople needed security
6 Development of Feudalism Europe was in chaos and being attacked by different groups of barbarians and other invading peoplesMany wars and battles were waged try to gain land since the Roman Army no longer existed to keep control and peaceThis need for protection and order created the Feudal system of government called FeudalismPeople were willing to give up freedom in exchange for security and other basic needs.
7 Feudal Europe Feudal classes: Feudalism: Is a system of government based on land ownership/control that bound people to another by promises of loyalty. People were born into a feudal class and couldn’t change classesAll the land belonged to the Monarch (king or queen)The monarch would give the nobles fiefs (pieces of land) to control in exchange for knights and moneyThe nobles would give knights fiefs of land for their loyalty and serviceKnights and nobles would rent small pieces of land to Peasants in exchange for money, taxes, and food from PeasantsPeasants received protection and basic needs, but had little freedom lived poor lives.The vast majority of people in the Middle ages were Peasants/SerfsFeudal classes:MonarchNoblesDukeLordsKnightsPeasantsSerfs