2 Climate RegionsGeographers divide the Earth into regions that have similar climates.Each of these divisions has its own Characteristic soils and natural vegetation.
3 Climate Zones What are the three major climatic zones of the earth? Watch the following clip to identify the three zones of the earth and where they are located.
4 ClimatesEach of the five climate regions we will learn about in this chapter fit into one of these three zones.As we go through the material see if you can match the zone with its appropriate region.
5 The Tropics Tropical Climates are found in or near the low latitudes. Tropical WetAverage annual rainfall about 80”Hot year roundTropical DryDry winters,Wet summersHot year round
9 Midlatitude Climates– This climate experiences variable weather patterns and season changes that give rise to a variety of natural vegetationThe Four TemperateClimate RegionsMarine west coast climateMediterraneanHumid SubtropicalHumid Continental
10 Midlatitude Climates Marine West Coast Climate Along western coasts Cool summers and cool damp wintersAbundant rainfallMidlatitude Climates
16 High-Latitude Climates There are three high-latitude climates regionsSubarcticTundraIce Cap– Freezing temperatures are common throughout the year because of the lack of direct sunlight.High-Latitude Climates
17 High-Latitude Climates TundraCloser to the polesWinter darkness and bitter coldLast for several monthsIce CapSnow and ice often morethan 2 miles thickSubarcticJust south of arctic circleBitterly cold wintersShort and cool summersPermafrostPermanently frozen sub soil
18 Highland Climates– High mountain areas, even along the Equator, share some of the same characteristics because of the thinning of atmosphere at high altitudes.