Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

World Climate Patterns

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "World Climate Patterns"— Presentation transcript:

1 World Climate Patterns
Ch. 3 Sec. 3

2 Climate Regions Geographers divide the Earth into regions that have similar climates. Each of these divisions has its own Characteristic soils and natural vegetation.

3 Climate Zones What are the three major climatic zones of the earth?
Watch the following clip to identify the three zones of the earth and where they are located.

4 Climates Each of the five climate regions we will learn about in this chapter fit into one of these three zones. As we go through the material see if you can match the zone with its appropriate region.

5 The Tropics Tropical Climates are found in or near the low latitudes.
Tropical Wet Average annual rainfall about 80” Hot year round Tropical Dry Dry winters, Wet summers Hot year round


7 Dry Climates There are two types of dry climates which occur in low and mid latitudes Desert Rainfall of 10” or less/year Temperatures vary widely Steppe Borders Deserts 10-20 inches of rain/year


9 Midlatitude Climates – This climate experiences variable weather patterns and season changes that give rise to a variety of natural vegetation The Four Temperate Climate Regions Marine west coast climate Mediterranean Humid Subtropical Humid Continental

10 Midlatitude Climates Marine West Coast Climate Along western coasts
Cool summers and cool damp winters Abundant rainfall Midlatitude Climates

11 Midlatitude Climates Mediterranean
Mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers


13 Midlatitude Climates Humid Subtropical
Found in Southeastern part of continents Short, mild winters Nearly year round rain/high humidity areas

14 Midlatitude Climates Humid Continental Northern Hemisphere
More northeastern part of continents Severe snowy winters, shorter and cooler summers


16 High-Latitude Climates
There are three high-latitude climates regions Subarctic Tundra Ice Cap – Freezing temperatures are common throughout the year because of the lack of direct sunlight. High-Latitude Climates

17 High-Latitude Climates
Tundra Closer to the poles Winter darkness and bitter cold Last for several months Ice Cap Snow and ice often more than 2 miles thick Subarctic Just south of arctic circle Bitterly cold winters Short and cool summers Permafrost Permanently frozen sub soil

18 Highland Climates – High mountain areas, even along the Equator, share some of the same characteristics because of the thinning of atmosphere at high altitudes.


20 Something to Consider How does climate impact vegetation? To further understand the connection between climate and vegetation click on the link below.

Download ppt "World Climate Patterns"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google