Presentation on theme: "Integrating RSS into Your Web site Part 1: Introduction Michael Sauers Technology Innovation Librarian Nebraska Library Commission Computers in Libraries."— Presentation transcript:
Integrating RSS into Your Web site Part 1: Introduction Michael Sauers Technology Innovation Librarian Nebraska Library Commission Computers in Libraries 15 April 2007
3 Introductions Name Library Position Does your library use RSS? If so, how? Why are you here?
4 What is RSS? Depending on who you ask it stands for either Really Simple Syndication, Rich Site Summary, or RDF Site Summary. Really Simple Syndication is the de facto definition today. RSS is an XML language for syndicating news items on the Internet.
5 The History of RSS RSS 1.1 (update to RSS 1.0), RSS 3.0 (a new, independent project), and Simple Sharing Extensions (an update to RSS 2.0 by Microsoft) have all been proposed but have had no impact yet.
6 How does RSS work? The information provider creates an RSS file. Users subscribe to the file via an aggregator. When the author updates the RSS file, the user is automatically notified of the new items and may read them on their schedule.
7 Implications of RSS Information received in a single location Information received in quickly Reduced need to visit the originating Web site
8 Are there different versions of RSS? Yes. In fact, there are currently eight different versions: RSS 0.90, 0.91, 0.92, 0.93, 0.94, 1.0, 2.0, & Atom Feeds Each has different features from the authors point of view. Todays aggregators support all of the versions transparently. RSS 2.0 & Atom are the most common.
9 BCR: The Third Indicator http://www.bcr.org/publications/thirdind/ The Third Indicator, published monthly, is a technical memo focusing on OCLC products and services. It includes general OCLC news as well as detailed technical information on cataloging, reference and resource sharing. Announcements of new OCLC developments are also included. Tue, 21 Sep 2004 21:37:39 GMT ListGarden Program 1.01 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss WorldCat Resource Sharing Training http://www.bcr.org/publications/thirdind/2004/august/augsharetrain04.htm l If you'd like to see what WorldCat Resource Sharing looks like and learn more about it, visit the OCLC Web site at www.oclc.org/ill/migration/ or view the WorldCat Resource Sharing tutorial at www5.oclc.org/downloads/tutorials/firstsearch/sv/rsbasics/intro/index.html /. Tue, 21 Sep 2004 19:29:47 GMT thirdind-2004-08-21-19-29-47 What does RSS look like?
10 How can I find feeds? Feedster Bloglines Blogrolls A list of blogs/feeds read by another blogger Look for the orange icon…
11 How do I subscribe to a feed? Look for an orange icon: Depending on your aggregator, the subscription procedure may range from copying and pasting the link to right- clicking and selecting subscribe.
12 More RSS icons Support the Common Feed Icon by Rogers Cadenhead http://www.cadenhead.org/workbench/news/2872/support- common-feed-icon
13 A standard icon? The move is to establish this icon, originally proposed by the Firefox, folks as the syndication icon. Microsofts Internet Explorer 7 will use this icon. http://www.feedicons.com/
14 Podcasts Uses RSS to syndicate audio content RSS 2.0 –Like adding an attachment to an e-mail Audio Formats –MP3 (Open Source) –AAC (Apple Proprietary) iPod not necessary
16 Notable Feeds Librarian.net www.librarian.net LISNews www.lisnews.com The Shifted Librarian theshiftedlibrarian.com The Travelin Librarian travelinlibrarian.info Tame the Web tametheweb.com/ttwblog Unshelved www.overduemedia.com PaperCuts papercuts.tscpl.org Gizmodo www.gizmodo.com Security Now! www.grc.com/securitynow.htm Inside The Net & This Week in Tech (TWiT) thisweekintech.com Boing Boing boingboing.net Google News isbn.nu del.icio.us flickr
Integrating RSS into Your Web site Part 2: Reading Feeds Michael Sauers, BCR Internet Librarian 2006 22 October 2006
18 What is an Aggregator? An aggregator is a type of software that retrieves syndicated Web content that is supplied in the form of a web feed (RSS, Atom and other XML formats), and that are published by weblogs, podcasts, vlogs, and mainstream mass media websites. -Wikipedia Its what you need to retrieve and read RSS feeds.
19 What are the different types of aggregators? Standalone Clients –FeedReader, Radio UserLand PIM add-ins –Pluck, NewsGator, intraVnews Browser add-ins –Firefox, Sage Web-based –Bloglines, NewsIsFree A list is available @ http://www.lights.com/weblogs/rss.html
24 Why do I need an aggregator? Most importantly it makes the content of the feed readable Checks for updates automatically Notifies you of new information Displays only new items for you May allow you to sort and save information
25 Types of Aggregators Client Add-on Built-in Server-based Web-based service
Integrating RSS into Your Web site Part 3: Creating Feeds Michael Sauers, BCR Internet Librarian 2006 22 October 2006
38 How do I create a feed? Hand-rolled You type the markup and the content Semi-automated You type the content, software generates the markup. Fully-automated You put the content in your blog and software generates a feed based on that content.
46 FeedSpring Limitations –Local installation limits mobility and posters to a single computer. –No built-in FTP. Must transfer the.xml file to the server manually. –Still in beta (but what isnt these days?)
56 RapidFeeds: FeedManager Limitations –Registration does not work with newer e- mail addresses. (Insisted my.info address was invalid.) –Does not allow publishing to another server so if the company disappears, your feed goes with it.
67 RSSxl Limitations –Solid knowledge of HTML required to get parsing correct. –Works better on pages with simpler layouts. –The validation code will change each month and you will need to visit this page for the new code. (Though Ive found feeds continue to work without updating the code.) –If you are using this tool to publish an RSS feed from your website, then you must include a visible HTML link to www.wotzwot.com on your site next to the link to your feed like the following: Powered by RSSxl
101 RapidFeeds: MySite Limitations –Registration does not work with newer e- mail addresses. (Insisted my.info address was invalid) –Code supplied is longer than all others as it contains all the CSS. Would want to move that to an external file.
110 RSS2HTML Limitations –Third party service. –Minimal customization / limited to their templates / cant make it look like your site. –Did not work well on some feeds and not at all on others. (No luck with GoogleNews. Mixed results with Flickr.) –Given a URL to embed with, not a script, which forces embedding via iframe.
153 FeedBlendr Limitations –Could not get OPML importing to work. –Third party service could disappear at any time. –If this blend is not accessed for more than 2 weeks, it will be removed from the database and will need to be recreated.
170 FeedBurner Limitations –Since by using this you get a new feed URL, it is not recommended you use it on existing feeds. –Your feed will be relying on a third party to work. If the company goes under, your feed will disappear.
179 ZapTXT Limitations –Cant handle feeds that require logins –Sometimes reports a feed as not valid and theres nothing you can do about it. –Searches on multiple keywords are OR searches. AND searches dont seem to be possible.
184 Mail2RSS Limitations –Bloglines doesnt like the RSS2.0 feeds, use the 1.0 link instead –Mail automatically deletes after seven days –Feeds are limited to 20 items –Potential security issue when using Subscribe with Bloglines bookmarklet (next slide)