Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer: What is reform? How did individuals work to reform American society in the 1800s? How would you reform American society today? Vocabulary."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer: What is reform? How did individuals work to reform American society in the 1800s? How would you reform American society today? Vocabulary to know: Social Reform Temperance Movement Transcendentalist Suffrage Civil Disobedience
Which reformer do you find was the most influential and why? Besides slavery, what was in need of the most reform and why?
Dorothea Dix: Boston schoolteacher. Tried to improve society’s care for its weakest members. Witnessed the mentally ill not receiving treatment and living in terrible conditions. Would travel the U.S. on behalf of the mentally ill.
Horace Mann: 1830s- Americans begin to demand better schools. 1837- First Board of Education set up in Massachusetts headed by Mann. By 1850 many Northern states have opened public elementary schools. What were some obstacles faced? Public education is “the great equalizer”.
Elizabeth Stanton: Abolitionist-worked along side Lucretia Mott and William Garrison. Demanded equality for women through voting rights. Frederick Douglass and Stanton fought for suffrage. Held the Seneca Falls Convention with Mott in 1848.
Ralph Emerson: New England writer. Most popular essayist and lecturer. Leading transcendentalist. Urged Americans to cast off European influences and develop their own beliefs. Stressed individualism Believed that human spirit was reflected in nature.
Emerson’s friend and neighbor. Believed the growth of cities and industry was ruining the nation. Urged people to live as simply and as close to nature as possible. Argued in favor of civil disobedience.
Fiction writer who would shape American literature. Became famous for his many tales of horror. Known as the “father of the detective story”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x- 387NMCR6w http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x- 387NMCR6w http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlgQ QgDhH7U http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlgQ QgDhH7U