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Matrix

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**Scalar Multiplication of Matrices**

If A is an m × n matrix and s is a scalar, then we let kA denote the matrix obtained by multiplying every element of A by k. This procedure is called scalar multiplication. PROPERTIES OF SCALAR MULTIPLICATION

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**Scalar Multiplication - each element in a matrix is multiplied by a constant.**

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**The m × n zero matrix, denoted 0, is the m × n matrix whose elements are all zeros.**

1 × 3 2 × 2

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****Multiply rows times columns. **

**You can only multiply if the number of columns in the 1st matrix is equal to the number of rows in the 2nd matrix. They must match. Dimensions: 3 x 2 2 x 3 The dimensions of your answer.

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**Multiplication of Matrices**

The multiplication of matrices is easier shown than put into words. You multiply the rows of the first matrix with the columns of the second adding products Find AB First we multiply across the first row and down the first column adding products. We put the answer in the first row, first column of the answer.

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**Examples: 2(3) + -1(5) 2(-9) + -1(7) 2(2) + -1(-6) 3(3) + 4(5)**

3(-9) + 4(7) 3(2) + 4(-6)

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***They don’t match so can’t be multiplied together.***

Dimensions: 2 x x 2 *They don’t match so can’t be multiplied together.*

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**To multiply matrices A and B look at their dimensions**

MUST BE SAME SIZE OF PRODUCT If the number of columns of A does not equal the number of rows of B then the product AB is undefined.

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**Find AB Notice the sizes of A and B and the size of the product AB.**

Now we multiply across the second row and down the second column and we’ll put the answer in the second row, second column. Now we multiply across the first row and down the second column and we’ll put the answer in the first row, second column. Now we multiply across the second row and down the first column and we’ll put the answer in the second row, first column. We multiplied across first row and down first column so we put the answer in the first row, first column.

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**23 32 Now let’s look at the product BA. can multiply size of answer**

across third row as we go down first column: across second row as we go down third column: across third row as we go down second column: across third row as we go down third column: across second row as we go down second column: across first row as we go down first column: across second row as we go down first column: across first row as we go down second column: across first row as we go down third column: Commuter's Beware! Completely different than AB!

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**PROPERTIES OF MATRIX MULTIPLICATION**

Is it possible for AB = BA ? ,yes it is possible.

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Use And scalar c = 3 to determine whether the following equations are true for the given matrices. a) AC + BC = (A+B)C b) c(AB) = A(cB) c) C(A + B) = AC + BC d) ABC = CBA

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Fundamentals of matrices

Fundamentals of matrices

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