1 Unit 2 Outline Chapter 5 (1 week) Chapter 6 (1 week +) Sections 1-3 normalFast Section 4 (Just Guided Reading Review & Essentials)Skip Section 5Chapter 6 (1 week +)All Sections 1-4Chapter 7 (3-4 days)All Sections; Shortened Test/QuizChapter 8 (Skimmed)Just Guided Reading Worksheets and Quizzes turned in for test gradeChapter 9 (Skipped)Read Chapter in Brief (pg.235) Complete Guide to EssentialsUnit Test
2 Bell Work Bell Work Get Books Get Study guide, worksheets Promptly find seat for attendanceHave pen/pencil, notes ready for lesson
3 What is a political Party? Group of people who seek to control govt. by winning elections and holding political officesOften looking to secure offices to change certain public policies and programsTwo major parties today!?DemocratsRepublicans
4 Functions of Political Parties Major political parties have helped shape the way govt. works and are an important link b.t. people and their govt.Five major functions…..I said Five!!!!Nominate CandidatesSelect candidates for public offices then present them to the voters for electionInform and Activate SupportersTry to inspire and activate interest and participation.Campaign for candidates, take stands on issues, and criticize opponents
5 Functions of Political Parties Act as bonding AgentsTo be a successful party their candidates need to perform well, so the parties try and get well qualified, and high character peopleWhat if candidates didn’t have to perform well for their parties?They wouldn’t get re-elected by the people!Governing AgentsElected officials are regularly elected based on party and parties have certain policies/standardsWatchdogsAct as overseers of the publics business, esp. when not the party in power.
6 One More? Major political parties tend to: Unify the people through compromiseCompromise is encouraged among different interests and groups to meet the majority of needs for the people.
7 Partisanship? Partisanship: Strong support of their party and its policy standards (often how much of congress is ran)Public officeholders/officials are chosen based on party allegiance (think cabinet)Parties serve as the bridges for the legislative and executive branches to work together.
8 Party in PowerParty that controls the executive branch at the state and/or national levelsWhat is our states?Dave Heineman: RepublicanNations?Obama: Democrat
9 4 reasons for a 2 party system Historical BasisBegan as a two party system: Split over how much power the Central Govt. should haveForce of TraditionStarted w/ and always has been 2 partiesJust widely accepted b/c no other known waysElectoral SystemDirection of the election process works in its directionSingle-Member districts discourage minor partiesAmerican Ideological ConsensusBroad agreement on fundamental matters encourages only two parties to argue “little things”Single member districtsOnly 1 person is elected to each office on the ballotThis narrows peoples choices to usually the person in office or the candidate of the party w/ the best chance to win b/c they often see voting for a “minor party” as a wasted vote
10 “Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely!” Lesson ClosingL-J #1Work on WorksheetsRead some of Ch. 5Finalize Tic-Tac-Toe Projects“Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely!”
11 Bell Work Bell work Answer these questions Get books, folders, and notesAnswer these questions4 reasons for a 2 party system?History, tradition, electoral system, ideological consensusMajor Parties?Democrats/RepublicanParty in powerParty in charge of executive officeFive Functions of a Political PartyNominateInform and Activate SupportBonding AgentGoverning AgentWatchdog
12 Multiparty System Vocabulary: System in which several major and many lesser parties exist and compete for officeAffect govt. because they can provide the electorate (voters) with more choicesCan also lead to instability b/c often doesn’t get the MAJORITY of peoples supportStill denied by U.S. voters/parties
13 One Party SystemPolitical system in which only one party really existsBasically a dictatorshipAffects govt. b/c they don’t have to answer to anyone in terms of major policy ideas.Only the ruling party can participate in politics! “makes it hard for a change of guard”
14 Membership PatternsMembership is purely voluntary in the 2 party systemRecent TrendsRepublicansWhite males, protestants, and the business communityDemocratsAfrican Americans, Catholics, Jews, and union members
15 Membership Patterns Family Major Events Economic Status Etc. One of the most important reason people identify themselves with a party2/3 Americans follow parents party allegianceMajor EventsCivil War, Great Depression, 9/11 all have major impacts on party preferenceEconomic StatusHistorically high income= republican; low income = democratEtc.Voting behavior, age, residence, level of education, work environment all can play factors as well
16 S.3: Origins of Political parties in U.S. 2 party system can be traced to the battle over how to ratify the constitutionBroken into Federalists and Anti-federalistsCreation of the FederalistsLiberal interpretation of constitutionStrong National Govt. through executive branchFormation of the DemocratsStarted as Anti-federalistsStrict interpretation of the constitution and Congress to control most of national govt. (more indiv. Rights)
17 Lesson ClosingLook up and answer any vocab from section 2 that wasn’t coveredL-J#2Work on Worksheet packets
18 Friday: Bell Work Review Get ready for lecture/notes Get books/folders Know 4 reason for 2-party system5 functions of Party2 original parties and what they split overGet ready for lecture/notes
19 3 Major Periods of Single-party Domination Era of the Democrats ( )Democratic domination until the Civil WarWon 13 of 15 Presidential elections and controlled congressFactions came about from major issues that led to the Republican partyEra of the Republicans ( )Supported by business/financial interests, newly freed African AmericansWon 14 of 18 Elections and controlled congressReturn of the Democrats ( )Ushered in by the Great DepressionWon 7 of 10 Elections and controlled congress
20 Current Era of Govt. Era of Divided Govt. (1968- present) Republicans have won 7 of last eleven electionsHold White houseDemocrats have controlled both houses of congress throughout much of this eraHeld control of both white house and congress during Bush presidencyCongress taken back by Democrats in 2006So who controls both congress and white house?Democrats
21 Minor Parties in the U.SNo real chance of winning, but can still play a major role in politicsFour Main typesIdeologicalThose parties based on a certain set of beliefsHistorically built on Marxist thoughts: SocialismSingle-IssueFocus on one public policy: Dies out when issue is overOpposition to slavery, immigration, abortion all examplesEconomic ProtestAppear during times of economic displeasureAlso known to disappear when economy replenishesSplinter PartiesParties split away from major partiesMost of the important minor parties fall under this type
22 Why are minor parties important? Most importantly play a role of critic and innovatorOften take stands on issues avoided by the major parties; often forcing their hands during campaignsMany important issues came up from minor partiesCan influence elections by stealing/splitting votes from major parties.
23 Lesson Closing L-J #3 (1-20) Answer in Paragraph Interpreting Graphs on page 134.Due at end of periodGuide to essentials answers in complete sentencesWork on X-Word Due Monday!Turn in Projects!!