Presentation on theme: "Fertility Rates & Life Expectancy How have changes in these affected households?"— Presentation transcript:
Fertility Rates & Life Expectancy How have changes in these affected households?
Falling fertility rates The term fertility refers to the average number of children that women (usually between 15 – 44 yrs old) have in society Women now have fewer children than 30 years ago and so we now tend to see smaller families Women are also having children later on in life Average age in 1971 was 26 in 2006 it was 30
Changes in fertility and social change Changes in fertility are linked to; Changing attitudes towards family size. In the 19thC poor families had large families because of economic factors Children worked whilst very young and the family were dependent on everyone bringing in a wage Today children are economically dependent on their parents
Women and employment Women’s participation in education and paid employment has increased One impact of the Feminist movement is that women no longer feel their only role is that of motherhood Equal pay and sex discrimination acts have given women a wider range of options Women also tend to get married later in life and have better access to birth control
Activity How have patterns of fertility changed over the past 30 years? Explain how changes in society have influenced these changes
Life Expectancy Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a baby may be expected to live In 1901 this was 45 yrs for men and 49 for women This would now be classed as middle aged In 2008 this had increased form 76 yrs for men and 81 for women In the future life expectancy is expected to increase further
Why are people living longer? Public health provision During the 20thC services such as clean water supplies, sewerage systems and waste disposal has meant that fewer people died from water borne disease Preventative medicine such as vaccination programmes have eliminated serious infectious diseases such as polio
Life expectancy can also be linked to advances in medicine and surgery. Scientific advances in research help us find cures for diseases such as cancer Diet and nutrition also plays a part Although we have much obesity in Western society we are still better nourished as a whole compared to 100 years ago
Decrease in Infant mortality rates Infant mortality refers to the number of children dying in the first year of life In 1930 there were 60 deaths per 1000 births In 2006 this had fallen to 5 deaths per 1000 births This is due to better Ante & Post Natal care, technological advances and an increase in the availability of qualified midwives
Activity People in Britain live longer today than they did 100 years ago. Identify and explain 2 reasons for this Outline one reason for improved infant mortality rates How have changing fertility rates and life expectancy affected the family and society?