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1 Introduction to the Book of Daniel 20 June 2010.

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1 1 Introduction to the Book of Daniel 20 June 2010

2 2 Daniel Hebrew Name: Daniyel or Daniel, which means God is my judge Babylonian Name: Belteshazzar, which means Bel protect his life Location:First 13-23 years in Jerusalem Rest of his life in Babylon & Persia Family:Either a descendent of the king of Judah or a noble of Judah No known wife or children

3 3 Daniels Ministry ~628 - 605 B.C.Kings of Judah 605 - 539 B.C.Kings of Babylon 539 ~ 536 B.C.King(s) of Persia-Media

4 4 Book of Daniel Outline History of Daniel Hebrew1God helps Daniel and his friends eat vegetables and avoid compromising their faith Prophetic Plan for the Gentiles Aramaic2God reveals 5 major kingdoms of prophecy 3God saves Daniels friends from fiery furnace 4God humbles Nebuchadnezzar & saves his soul 5God uses a hand writing on a wall to decree doom 6God saves blameless Daniel from hungry lions 7God reveals more about the 5 major kingdoms Prophetic Plan of Israel Hebrew8God reveals more about the kingdom of Greece 9Daniel prays & God reveals the 70 week prophecy 10Daniel sees Jesus and receives comfort 11God reveals more about the kings of Greece 12God reveals more about the time of the end

5 5 Theme & Purpose Emphasize the sovereignty and power of God over human affairs (especially during dark days) Encouragement, comfort and hope for Jewish exiles (and all saints) Explanation of the time of the gentiles (586 – until Christs 2 nd coming)

6 6 Key verses Daniel answered and said: "Blessed be the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and might are His. And He changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and raises up kings; He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding. He reveals deep and secret things; He knows what is in the darkness, and light dwells with Him. And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. – Daniel 2:20-22, 44 NKJV

7 7 Jeremiahs Prophecy For thus says the LORD: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to return to this place. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the LORD, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope. – Jer 29:10,11 NKJV, 597 B.C.

8 8 Daniels Response In the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the LORD through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. Then I set my face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes. – Daniel 9:2,3 NKJV, 539 B.C.

9 9 Israel, Assyria and Babylonia

10 10 World Superpowers Assyrians – 750-612 B.C. Babylonians – 612-539 B.C. Persians/Medes – 539-333 B.C. Greeks – 333-27 B.C Romans – 27 B.C. – Christs return

11 11 5 Kingdoms

12 12 Deportations 721 Assyrians took Israelis to Assyria (2 Ki. 18:11) 713 Assyrians took Jews to Assyria (2 Ki. 18:13) 605 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Dan. 1:1-6) 598 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Jer. 52:28) 597 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (2 Ki. 24:14) 588 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Jer. 52:29) 586 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (2 Ki. 25:11) 582 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Jer. 52:30)

13 13 Babylonian Empire

14 14 Persian-Media Empire

15 15 Greek Empire

16 16 Roman Empire

17 17 Revived Roman Empire? Union for the Mediterranean (July 13, 2008- present)

18 18 Application 1.Follow Daniels example of not compromising 2.Trust God like Daniel and his friends 3.Understand Gods plan for the last days 4.Study and pray like Daniel

19 Bibliography Special thanks goes to the following: Bruce Wilkinson & Kenneth Boa for their information in Talk Thru the Bible Walt Henrichsen for his wisdom and insight shared during Bible studies he has led and in books, articles and e-mails he has written Edward Reese for his chronology and dating in The Reese Chronological Bible

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