Presentation on theme: "Physical Features and Environmental Problems of Canada"— Presentation transcript:
1 Physical Features and Environmental Problems of Canada
2 The Rocky MountainsThe Rocky Mountains are the largest mountain system in North America.Extends 3,000 miles along the western part of Canada
3 The Canadian Shield Horseshoe shaped area surrounding the Hudson Bay Made up of:Rocky HillsLakesEvergreen ForestsPoor Soil and Cold ClimateIt contains many mineral depositsIron OreCopperNickelCanadian Shield
4 Canadian Lowlands Canada’s smallest land region. This region is Canada’s manufacturing center.Region produces 1/3rd of the country’s crops.FERTILE SOIL!!!!Home to more than half of Canada’s population.WHY???
5 Major Bodies of Water Bodies of water can be used for : TransportationRecreationIndustryThis means that they are……NAVIGABLEMany cities developed near these bodies of water.TorontoOttawaVancouverQuebec CityMontrealEdmonton
6 The Great Lakes The world’s largest group of freshwater lakes. Share a border with Canada & the United StatesAn easy way to remember them…
9 The Mighty Rivers Canada has two major rivers: The Mackenzie River The country’s longest river forms in the Rockies and flows north into the Arctic Ocean.Called the “Mother of Canada”The St. Lawrence RiverConnects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean.One of North America’s most important transportation routes.
10 The St. Lawrence Seaway Completed in 1959 It’s a system of locks, canals, and dams to allow ships to move from one water level to another.The seaway makes trade between Canada and USA easier.
11 Partners and Friends: The USA and Canada Today What environmental concerns do Canada and the USA share today?What economic ties do the USA and Canada have to each other?
12 What environmental problems do you think could happen in these areas? Environmental IssuesThe USA and Canada share:The coasts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.The Great LakesThe Rocky MountainsWhat environmental problems do you think could happen in these areas?
13 Water Problems Solutions: Reduce the # of pesticides People in Canada & the U.S. depend on the water from the Great LakesUse the water to drinkUse it in their factoriesUse it for transportationIn the 1970’s water pollution became a serious problem.Factories were using the lakes as a dumping ground for wasteSolutions:Reduce the # of pesticidesReduce the amount of human waste dumped into the lakes
14 Improving Air QualityAcid Rain: when pollutants are put into the air, they mix with the water molecules and turn the water acidicCauses: factories, cars, coal burning power plantsAcid Rain causes many problems:Kills plantsDamages or kills treesPollutes lakes and riversKills fish
15 Solutions Build factories that do not pollute the air Cars have to make less pollutionEncourage walking, riding bikes, taking the bus or carpoolingCreate agreements with the U.S.Most of the acid rain comes from the U.S. due to wind patterns
16 The Timber Industry Forests cover almost half of the land in Canada Clear-cutting: cutting down all the trees in a given area, leaving gaps in the forestIssue with this practice include:Reduced water qualityErosionLoss of wildlife habitatThe government & logging industry spend money to protect the forests