Presentation on theme: "What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?"— Presentation transcript:
What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?
Belief about God Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic, that is they all believe in 1 God. Each religion has a different name for God: YHWH, Lord, and Allah.
Origin All three religions originated on the continent of Asia, in the Middle East. Judaism and Christianity began in present-day Israel and Islam in Saudi Arabia.
Person Abraham Considered to be the father of monotheism (the belief in 1 God) and therefore the father to all 3 religions. Sarah+Abraham+Hagar IsaacIshmael (Judaism) (Islam) (Christianity) http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_1/abraham.html
The city of Jerusalem Islam- Dome of the Rock: Muhammad ascended into heaven. Judaism Wailing Wall: Only remaining Wall of the Temple of Solomon. Christianity Church of the Holy Sepulcher: The ground on which the church stands the Hill of Calvary, where the New Testament says that Jesus was crucified. It is said to also contain the place where Jesus was buried (the sepulcher). http://channel.nationalgeographic. com/channel/videos/holiest-sites/ http://vimeo.com/15034110
Places of worship Church Synagogue Mosque (Christianity) (Judaism) (Islam)
Holy Books The Bible- The Old and New Testament The Torah- the first five books of the Old Testament. The Koran or Qu’ran (Islam) (Christianity) (Judaism)
Religious Leaders Imam- a prayer leader of a mosque (Islam) Caliph- head of an Islamic community. Pope, Patriarch, priest, minister, preacher- Leaders of various branches of Christianity. Rabbi- the official leader of a synagogue (Judaism)
Unique Beliefs and Guidelines Judaism Oldest of the 3 monotheistic religions Ten Commandments- 1 st laws of the Jewish faith. Holidays such as Passover and Rosh Hashanah 3 main branches- Orthodox, Conservative and Reform
Unique Beliefs and Guidelines Christianity The most widely practiced religion in the world. Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ Many branches- Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, etc.) The office of the Pope, the head of the Catholic Church is known as the Papacy. http://www.history.com/videos/history-of-vatican-city#deconstructing-history-the-vatican
Unique Beliefs and Guidelines Islam Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet of Islam The guidelines Muslims follow are known as the Five Pillars (fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca- the Hajj, pray 5 times a day, declaration of prayer, and giving of charity). The 2 holiest cities are Mecca and Medina. Both cities are located in Saudi Arabia. The 2 main branches are Shi’a and Sunni http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/saudiarabia_mecca?source=searchvideo