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What are the three branches of government? Legislative Executive Judicial
What are separation of powers? Each branch has separate powers
What are checks and balances? Each branch checks on the other to make sure they are doing their jobs. Keeps one group from getting too powerful
What is the job of the legislative branch? Make laws
What is the job of the executive branch? Carry out or enforce laws
What is the job of the judicial branch? Make sure laws are Constitutional
What are the requirements to become a Representative? 25 yrs. Old U.S. Citizen for 7 yrs Live in the state in which you represent
What is the term of a representative? 2 years
How many U.S. Representatives do we have? 435
Representation in the House of Reps is based on what? State Population
Who is the leader of the House? Speaker of the House
What is the role of the House of Reps in the impeachment process? They accuse the official of wrong doing or misuse of power. They must have majority vote to impeach
How many Senators does each state have? 2
How many U.S. Senators are there? 100
What are the requirements to be a U.S. Senator? 30 yrs old Citizen of U.S. for 9 yrs Live in the state in which you represent
What is the term of a senator? 6 yrs
What is the amount of state Senators based on? Equality
Who is the leader of the Senate? Vice President President Pro Tempore when VP is not there
What role does the Senate play in the impeachment process? They serve as the jury. 2/3 must agree to remove from office
Where can a bill start? House or Senate
Where must a money bill start? House
When the President rejects a bill it is known as what? Veto
The House and the Senate can pass a vetoed bill by 2/3 vote. This is known as what? Overriding
Who holds delegated powers? National Government Example power to declare war
Who holds reserved powers? States Example such as education
What are the qualifications to be a President? 35 Years Old Natural Born US Citizen Live in the US for 14 years
What is term of the President? 4 Years Can serve two terms or ten years
As Commander and Chief what is the President’s duty? In charge of the army, navy, air force, and marines Can also call out the national guard
Who serves as the judge in an impeachment trial? Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
How many Supreme Court Justices are there? 9
How does a Supreme Court Justice get their job? Appointed by the President Approved by the Senate
What is the term of a Supreme Court Justice? Life
What is judicial review? Making sure laws are Constitutional
What are the first ten amendments referred to as? Bill of Rights
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? Protect citizens against the government
What does the first amendment guarantee citizens? Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
What does the second amendment guarantee citizens? Right to bear arms
What does the third amendment guarantee citizens? No Quartering of soldiers
What does the 4 th amendment guarantee citizens? Unreasonable searches and seizures
What does the 5 th amendment guarantee citizens? Double Jeopardy Self Incrimination Due Process of Law
What does the 6 th Amendment Guarantee? Right to a fair, fast, and public trial Right to be present in court with a lawyer represent them, even if they cannot afford one
What does the 7 th amendment guarantee you Right to trial by a jury in any case involving more than twenty dollars
What does the 8 th amendment guarantee you? Protects us from having excessive bail or by punished in cruel and unusual ways
What does the 9 th Amendment guarantee you? Other rights not listed in the Constitution are also given to the people
What does the 10 th amendment guarantee you? Gives all powers not specifically listed in the Constitution to the states and their people
The Constitution of the United States
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