41 Q: What is the term for the states and national government working together? A: federalism
42 Q: Term for making a change to the constitution? A: Amendment
43 Q: What are the two ways to propose an amendment? Requires a 2/3 vote in both houses OR A national convention may be called by 2/3 of states
44 Q: What are the two methods to ratify an amendment? Ratifying an Amendment ¾ of states are required to pass an amendment (38): Done by legislature OR By calling special state conventions a vote in the state – ¾ approval needed.
45 Q: What are the six goals to the preamble? The Goals 1. To form a more perfect Union 2. To establish Justice 3. To ensure domestic tranquility 4. To provide for the common defense 5. To promote general welfare 6. To secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity
46 Q: What are the 5 main underlying principals of the constitution? A: Popular Sovereignty – voting Limited Government – majority rules, minority rights are protected. Federalism – national & states working together. Rule of Law Supremacy Clause
47 Q: What branch of the United States government is responsible for interpreting the constitution? A: judicial branch
48 Q: Name of the clause that gives the federal government power over state governments. A: Supremacy Clause
49 Q: Name the three types of power under federalism and list an example. A: Enumerated – Federal Gov. Reserved Concurrent *please be prepared to list examples of the powers associated with each branch.
Creating lower courts is a check by the legislature on what other branch? Judicial Branch 50
Proposing new laws is a check by the executive branch on what other branch? Check on the legislative branch. 51
Declaring new laws unconstitutional is a check on the legislature by what branch of government? Check by the judicial branch. 52
Declaring executive actions unconstitutional is a check on the president by what branch of government? Check by the judicial branch. 53
Overriding a presidential veto is a check on the executive branch by what other branch of government? Check by the legislative branch. 54
55 Q: Checks and Balances – please be prepared to present examples of each. *Please study for this test. The test will be given Thursday during class.