Presentation on theme: "Story as Transformation Process ~ Emergence ~"— Presentation transcript:
1 Essential Components of Stories Jason Ohler Seven Elements Digital Storytelling Cookbook
2 Story as Transformation Process ~ Emergence ~ Beginning (call to adventure)Problem (tension)Central Challenge (question, problem, obstacle, opportunity, goal)Changes (conflict, transformation)Response to conflict is often the transformation the character must undergo to address the problemSolution (resolution)Addressing the challenge & resolving the tensionEnd (closure, learning)
3 Call to AdventureNormal life is interrupted by a significant event, initiating a physical, emotional, intellectual, or spiritual journey for the main character
4 Problem-Solution Involving Transformation Characters encounter problems that are solved through a personal transformation of some kind. Transformation can happen in a number of ways, including skill acquisition, maturation, learning, and self-discovery.
5 ClosureThe story comes to a meaningful conclusion, not necessarily through a happy ending. Often, closure involves the main character’s realization of something significant, a moral, or evidence that something or someone has changed.
6 Seven Elements Digital Storytelling Cookbook The PointDramatic QuestionEmotional ContentThe Gift of Your VoiceThe Power of SoundtrackEconomyPacing
7 1. The PointAddressing the issue of defining the specific realization you, as an author, are trying to communicate within your storyCentral PremiseTransformative RealizationReason for Telling This Story
8 2. Dramatic Question Tension Romance – will the girl get the guy? Desire – Action – RealizationConflict between our desires being met and the desires of othersRomance – will the girl get the guy?Adventure – will the hero reach the goal?Crime or Mystery – who did it?Manipulating expectations is what entertains us.Will the girl find happiness? (real question)Twist the expectation
9 3. Emotional Content A truthful approach to emotional material Death or sense of lossLove and lonelinessConfidence and vulnerabilityAcceptance and rejectionResurrection TalesLove must be lost to feel satisfaction of hopeProtagonist destroyed so others (we) can understand the character flawHero on very edge of extinction before victory or goal of quest is achieved
10 4. The Gift of Your VoiceWe listen to different forms of speech differentlyConversation – to affirm or respondSpeech – applause lineLecture – major pointsStory – rhythmic pattern invoking associative memoriesVoiceoverReading vs reciting the scriptKeep writing terseSpeak slowly in conversational styleDigitally construct the story from an interview
11 5. The Power of the Soundtrack We create personal soundtracks on our MP3 playersMusic adds an emotional aspect to the storyInstrumental music often works best under voice oversConsider copyright issuesUse self-composed music created on programs such as Garage Band
12 6. EconomySequential composition repurposing existing images (and perhaps video)Consciously economize language as juxtaposed with a small number of imagesUse of symbolism and metaphor for implicit meaning
13 7. Pacing Rhythm sustains audience interest Fast-paced Slow-paced Urgency, action, nervousness, exasperation and excitementSlow-pacedContemplation, romanticism, relaxation or simple pleasuresChanging the pace of the music or narrative can be very effectiveMaintain the vitalityGood stories breathe