Presentation on theme: "Bell Work Why did Great Britain not want the colonists settling west of the Appalachian Mountains? What was the law that prevented settlers from doing."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Work Why did Great Britain not want the colonists settling west of the Appalachian Mountains? What was the law that prevented settlers from doing this? This day in History: October 13, 1775- The Continental Congress authorizes the first naval force. October 13, 1792- The cornerstone for the White House is laid. John Adams would become the first resident in 1800.
Reasons for Taxation The French and Indian war had been very costly for Great Britain and they had bills to pay. They had to keep a standing army in North America to protect the colonists from Indian attacks and to enforce the Proclamation of 1763. In 1764 the British Parliament passed the Sugar Act which was the first tax in the colonies. The British also began cracking down on smugglers.
Taxation without Representation The colonists had no representatives in Parliament so they felt Parliament had not right to tax them without their consent. The slogan “No Taxation without Representation” was coined by James Otis and Samuel Adams. Adams set up the Committees of Correspondence so that colonies could discuss their views on the new taxes. Colonists began boycotting British merchants.
More Taxes Stamp Act of 1765 taxed all paper documents. The Townshend Acts of 1767 placed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. The Sons and Daughters of Liberty were formed to oppose these acts.
The Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 British troops fire on a group of civilians. Samuel Adams and Paul Revere quickly spread the news as propaganda. The British soldiers were put on trial and found not guilty.
The Intolerable Acts of 1774 Boston Harbor closed Massachusetts’s charter cancelled Royal officials accused of crimes were sent to Britain for trial Quartering Act passed Quebec Act passed General Thomas Gage became the new governor of Massachusetts