3 French and Indian War Aka: Seven Year War Results Great Britain vs. FranceFought over control of land and fur tradingColonists fought for the British > felt united against a common enemyFrance lost Canada & land East of Mississippi RiverColonists develop landPopulation increasesWomen outnumber men … why?
7 Taxation Colonists forced to pay taxes to ease British war debt Paid taxes without representationSugar Act: tax on sugar, coffee, textiles, wine > effect on prices?Stamp Act: All official documents were taxed & money used to pay British soldiers in AmericaNavigation Act: restrict colonial trade with British
8 Boston MassacreBased on the title & visual, how would you describe this event?
9 Colonial Resentment Sons of Liberty Boston Massacre Samuel Adams led group of those opposed to BritishLed attacks on British & urged boycotting British goods (i.e. Boston Tea Party after Tea Tax)Boston MassacreBritish troop presence increasedMar a mob taunted British troops by throwing rocks & snow > troops fired shoots & 3 colonists died
10 American Leaders Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin Author of Declaration of IndependenceBenjamin FranklinWent to Europe to gain support (& money) for colonistsThomas Paine (Common Sense)
12 British Advantages Better army and navy (best in the world) Financially secureLocal support from loyalists
13 American Advantages Home-field advantage Motivation to win → IndependenceMany European nations supported colonistsGeorge Washington – brilliant strategist & military leader who tried to draw out the war to make it expensive for Britain