Presentation on theme: "Causes of the American Revolution!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Causes of the American Revolution! Proclamation of 1773Townshend ActsIntolerable ActsTea ActThe French and Indian WarStamp ActBoston MassacreBoston Tea Party
2 French and Indian WarThe French and Indian War was a war between Britain and French. The Native fought on both sides, but more fought for France than Britain.Cause: The British and French both wanted the land in the Ohio River Valley, but for different reasons. They went to war.Effect: The British took control over land originally claimed by France.Effect: War put Britain in debt.
3 Proclamation of 1763 King George The Proclamation of 1763 was a law prohibiting the colonists to move west of the Appalachian Mountains.Cause: England was still in debt from the French and Indian War and didn’t want to start another war.Effect: Colonists became angry and moved west anyway because owning land was important (you needed it to be vote).King George
4 The Quartering Act: 1765The Quartering Act (passed by British Parliament) ordered colonists to provide “quarters” for British soldiers. This meant that the colonists had to allow soldiers to stay in their homes and provide them with food, fuel, candles and transportation.Cause: British government left soldiers behind to protect the colonists from the Native Americans or French settlers in Florida. They thought the colonists should help pay for this army.Effect: The colonists were angry about the Quartering Act. They didn’t want to pay for the troops and many colonists treated them badly.
5 Stamp ActThe Stamp Act was a tax on every sheet of every legal document.Cause: Britain needed money because they were in debt from the war so they taxed the colonists.Effect: The colonists boycotted British goods. Effect: They also organized the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty.
6 Townshend ActsThe Townshend Acts used all the money collected for imported goods to pay the salaries of British soldiers. The Townshend Acts also caused a tax for glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.Cause: Britain still needed money, but they needed a way to tax the colonies “without offense.”Effect: The colonists boycotted British goods again.Effect: Once again angered the colonists.
7 Boston MassacreThe Boston Massacre was a clash between British troops and a group of colonists in which five colonists were killed.Cause: Colonists were still angry about previous events, particularly the Quartering Act. Relations were poor between the soldiers and colonists.Effect: Colonists started throwing snowballs at the soldiers and called them names. Shots were fired and five colonists were killed.
8 Tea Act The Tea Act was a tax on all imported tea from Britain. Cause: The colonists boycott against British goods had hurt their trade, so the British repealed the Townshend Acts after the Boston Massacre. Parliament only kept the tea tax.Effect: The Sons of Liberty organized a protest against the Tea Act known as the Boston Tea Party.
9 Boston Tea PartyThe Boston Tea Party was a protest organized by the colonists against the British. All the colonists dressed up as Indians and snuck on-board the British ships in the harbor. Then they threw all the tea on the ships into Boston Harbor.Cause: The colonists were upset by the Tea Act.Effect: The Intolerable Acts were passed to keep the colonists under control.
10 Intolerable ActsThe Intolerable Acts were four strict laws that gave the British a sense of more control over the colonies. First of all, they closed down the port of Boston until the colonists paid for all of the tea they threw into Boston Harbor. Second, they forbade any meetings without the governor’s permission. Next, they made the colonists house and feed British troops. Finally, instead of British officials being tried for crimes in the colonies, they would be tried in Britain. Also, King George the third appointed General Thomas Gage the new governor ofMassachusetts.Cause: The Boston TeaParty.Effect: The colonists startedthe Revolutionary War.