2 The Elements of Culture Everyone born into a cultureCulture is learned from parents/grandparentsElements are divided into 7 categories-used by anthropologists
3 Social Organization smaller structure-meet needs of people Family Patterns-most importantnuclear familyextended family
4 Social Classes Ranking of people in order of status Based on what that culture values highlySocial mobility
5 Customs and Traditions One of the most important elements of culture-rules of behaviorUsually taught by parents/grandparentscultural rules vary in importancesocial pressure to fit in
6 Language The cornerstone of culture reflects a culture’s identity many societies include large numbers of people who speak different languagesunify culture (or not)age
7 Arts and LiteratureProducts of human imagination such as art, music, literature that please and entertain us.Folk tales-traditions that help pass on a culture’s basic beliefs and values.A and L help to strengthen a culture’s identity
8 Religion Arts often closely linked to people’s religious beliefs within a culture, people usually share religious beliefsmonotheismpolytheism
9 Forms of GovernmentPeople’s governments provide for their common needs such as order and protectionpeople organize governmentstypes of governments:democracyrepublicdictatorship
10 Economic SystemsEconomics refers to how people use limited resources to satisfy their wants and needs.3 basic questions:what goods and services should we producehow should we produce themfor whom should we produce them
11 Economics cont.Traditional economy: people produce most of what they need to surviveMarket economy:buying and selling goods and services.Command economy: government controls what goods are produced & what they costMixed-most nations have mixed economies
14 Cultural diffusionspread of culture and the factors that account for it, such as migration, communications, trade, and commerceGenerally, culture traits originate in a particular area and spread outward, ultimately to characterize a larger expanse of territory.cultural diffusion helps explain how they got there.What would encourage or discourage this diffusion-think natural barriers and cultural barriers
16 EthnocentrismThe tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. Ethnocentrism often entails the belief that one's own race or ethnic group is the most important and/or that some or all aspects of its culture are superior to those of other groups.
17 Questions to PonderDescribe three elements that help give YOUR culture its identity.How are family patterns related to YOUR culture?How do the arts in the United States help to unify the nation?Which element of culture is most relevant in your life?