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The Meaning of Culture.

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Presentation on theme: "The Meaning of Culture."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Meaning of Culture

2 The Elements of Culture
Everyone born into a culture Culture is learned from parents/grandparents Elements are divided into 7 categories-used by anthropologists

3 Social Organization smaller structure-meet needs of people
Family Patterns- most important nuclear family extended family

4 Social Classes Ranking of people in order of status
Based on what that culture values highly Social mobility

5 Customs and Traditions
One of the most important elements of culture-rules of behavior Usually taught by parents/grandparents cultural rules vary in importance social pressure to fit in

6 Language The cornerstone of culture reflects a culture’s identity
many societies include large numbers of people who speak different languages unify culture (or not) age

7 Arts and Literature Products of human imagination such as art, music, literature that please and entertain us. Folk tales-traditions that help pass on a culture’s basic beliefs and values. A and L help to strengthen a culture’s identity

8 Religion Arts often closely linked to people’s religious beliefs
within a culture, people usually share religious beliefs monotheism polytheism

9 Forms of Government People’s governments provide for their common needs such as order and protection people organize governments types of governments: democracy republic dictatorship

10 Economic Systems Economics refers to how people use limited resources to satisfy their wants and needs. 3 basic questions: what goods and services should we produce how should we produce them for whom should we produce them

11 Economics cont. Traditional economy: people produce most of what they need to survive Market economy:buying and selling goods and services. Command economy: government controls what goods are produced & what they cost Mixed-most nations have mixed economies


13 The American Dream

14 Cultural diffusion spread of culture and the factors that account for it, such as migration, communications, trade, and commerce Generally, culture traits originate in a particular area and spread outward, ultimately to characterize a larger expanse of territory. cultural diffusion helps explain how they got there. What would encourage or discourage this diffusion-think natural barriers and cultural barriers


16 Ethnocentrism The tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. Ethnocentrism often entails the belief that one's own race or ethnic group is the most important and/or that some or all aspects of its culture are superior to those of other groups.

17 Questions to Ponder Describe three elements that help give YOUR culture its identity. How are family patterns related to YOUR culture? How do the arts in the United States help to unify the nation? Which element of culture is most relevant in your life?

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