# Some Aspects of the MACD Indicator

## Presentation on theme: "Some Aspects of the MACD Indicator"— Presentation transcript:

Some Aspects of the MACD Indicator

MACD Aspects Moving Average (always Exponential MA) Convergence and
Divergence MACD measures the distance between two EMAs and graphs their relationship, as the two lines move closer together (“converge”) and further apart (“diverge”).

MACD Components

MACD Delta: Visual Proof

MACD: Interpretation (a) Mathematical
Any Mathematicians here? Any Physicists?

MACD: Interpretation (a) Mathematical
dP/dt = v first derivative of travelled distance over time is velocity dv/dt = a first derivative of velocity is acceleration

Read red “Delta” line as “Speed”

Read red “Delta” line as “Speed” at which the Price changes faster or slower than average Positive : drive forward – price rises above average; Negative: slow down/ reverse – price falls below average

Read red “Delta” line as “Speed” at which the Price changes faster or slower than average Positive : drive forward – price rises above average; Negative: slow down/ reverse – price falls below average Yellow “Histogram” is “Acceleration”

Read red “Delta” line as “Speed” at which the Price changes faster or slower than average Positive : drive forward – price rises above average; Negative: slow down/ reverse – price falls below average Yellow “Histogram” is “Acceleration” at which the Speed changes faster or slower than average Positive : accelerate – increase the speed Negative: hit the brakes – slow down

(Hint: Ignore friction; just roll along in Neutral.)
MACD: the Accelerator Q: What comes first: Acceleration or Speed? (Hint: Ignore friction; just roll along in Neutral.)

─► “Mr Market, the Chauffeur”
MACD: the Accelerator Q: What comes first: Acceleration or Speed? A: Neutral means cruising at average speed. To change, someone must step on a pedal. ─► “Mr Market, the Chauffeur”

MACD: Effects of “the Pedal”

Conditions causing Divergence
MACD: Divergence Conditions causing Divergence Sustained Trend Purposeful and Effective Use of Pedals Sufficient to reverse effects of Inertia

MACD: Signs of Success “Action equals Reaction” To neutralise the effects of acceleration over time, we must apply the same amount of braking power over time. “… and then some more” To reverse the trend, we must then apply more power in the new (opposite) direction.

MACD: Signs of Success Speed crossing zero, momentum used up
To start new trend, apply more power How much?

MACD: Enter Long – How long?
Momentum used up, Will it turn? After enough initial Push, we’re cruising.

MACD: Example HVN

MACD: Divergence Divergence lines follow Trendline Rules
Falling = Resistance Rising = Support Comparable Turning Points Start: Determine a new trend in MACD (Delta or Histogram). If corresponding Price trend “diverges”, we have Divergence.

MACD: Entry Rules Establish Divergence Interval
Longest Histogram Bar sets Trigger (Draw auto-extending Horizontal trendline) Enter on break of Trigger line – OR - Wait for Delta Line to cross Zero (depending on duration of prior trend)

MACD: Exit Rules Days 1 to 4 after entry: Be aware of potential “false break”. Stop-loss quickly While Speed stays on side of trade: Stay When Speed crosses Zero: Exit Or apply any Exit Rule from your Plan.

MACD: Example BSL

Do Not Ignore the Volume!
MACD: Rules Modified Divergence lines follow Trendline Rules Longest Histogram Bar sets Trigger Invalidated when Delta line crosses trendline extension Price line ceases to diverge …but… Do Not Ignore the Volume!