2 What is phonics?Phonics is the link between letters and the sounds that they make.We teach this through a structured programme which works through six progressive phases (Letters and Sounds)Children are taught:The full range of common letter/ sound correspondencesTo hear separate sounds within wordsTo blend sounds together
3 What are speech sounds?Although there are 26 letters in the English alphabet there are more than 40 speech sounds.Children should learn each letter by its sound, not its name. For instance, the letter a should be called a (as in ant) not ai (as in aim). Similarly, the letter n should be nn (as in net), not en. This will help in blending. The names of each letter can follow later.
4 Jolly Phonics Teaches the main 42 sounds of the English language The sounds are split into 7 groupsIncludes synthetic phonics where 2 (or more) letters make one sound e.g. ee and or (these are called digraphs)Also includes digraphs were the same letters can make different sounds e.g. oo in look and in moonEach sound has an action which helps children remember the letter(s) that represent it.
5 The Phases Phase One (Nursery & Early Rec.) Phase one comprises of seven aspects.Aspect One: Environmental SoundsAspect Two: Instrumental SoundsAspect Three: Body PercussionAspect Four: Rhythm and RhymeAspect Five: AlliterationAspect Six: Voice SoundsAspect Seven:Oral Blending - Hearing a series of spoken sounds and merging (blending) them together to make a spoken word. (b/u/s)and segmenting – splitting a word up into sounds.
6 The PhasesPhase TwoBy the end of phase two children should be able to read some vc (it, at) and cvc (cat, pin) words.Children will also learn to read the words ‘the, to, go, I and no.’Five sets of letters are introduced – at a rate of approximately one set per week.Set 1: s, a, t, p Set 2: i, n, m, d Set 3: g, o, c, k Set 4: ck, e, u, r Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
7 The Phases Phase Three (This is where we are currently working) The children are taught another 25 graphemesThey continue to blend (for reading) and segment (for writing) CVC wordsChildren will then use this knowledge to blend and segment two syllable words.Set 6: j, v, w, xSet 7: y, z, zz, quConsonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ngVowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
8 The PhasesPhases 4, 5 and 6These phases are generally taught in Year 1 and Year 2 and build upon the knowledge and understanding the children have gained in the first 3 phases.
9 What you can do to help?Familiarise yourself with jolly phonics and the sounds different letters make (see links)Be careful with the pronunciation of some of the sounds (see video)Reinforce the children’s learning in school by encouraging your child to sound out as they are reading and writing.
10 What can you do to help?Build on your child’s curiosity and interest in reading when you’re out and about.Ask your child questions about what they have read to aid their comprehensionRead both school reading books and other books they enjoy as often as you can.The words your child brings home on their key ring are ‘high frequency words’ (the most popular words that appear in the books) and the children need to practise both reading and writing these where possible.
11 Early Learning GoalsThese are the goals which the children will be assessed against at the end of the year. Children are assessed in the following areas:Personal, Social and Emotional DevelopmentPhysical DevelopmentCommunication and LanguageLiteracyMathematicsExpressive ArtsKnowledge and Understanding of the worldWe will also assess the pupils’ progress in phonics to ensure smooth transition into Year One.
12 Reading Early Learning Goal Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
13 Writing Early Learning Goal Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
14 Useful Resources(This is the Jolly phonics website with lots of useful information, including videos which show correct pronunciation of the sounds and the corresponding actions)(This website has lots of phonics games – some are free some require a subscription)(This website has lots of information about each phase of phonics and links to different games)If there you have any questions or require any more information please let me know.