2 What is Culture? A people’s way of life It includes: Language LiteratureMusicArtBeliefs and ReligionTechnologyInstitutionsCustomsRoles
3 Customs How people dress Traditional foods Holidays How they celebrate major turning points:Birthdays, coming-of-age, marriage, parenthood, death
4 RolesBased on rules for the proper behavior of individuals in particular positions and situationsGender roles – specifically assigned to men and women
5 Homogeneous vs. Multicultural Homogeneous Society: almost everyone belongs to the same ethnic group and shares the same language and traditionsExamples: Saudi Arabia, JapanMulticultural Society: contains a mix of peoples and cultures; ethnic groups are often mixed throughout the countryExamples: United States, Brazil
6 Cultural DiffusionDispersion of ideas, practices, technologies, language and other cultural aspectsThis is how culture evolves and adaptsExamples:Spread of languages and religionJazz in the United StatesColumbian Exchange
8 Cultural Diffusion Spread of American Popular Culture American movies, “pop” music, TV programs, “fast food,” have all spread around the worldMcDonald’s Tokyo, JapanMcDonald’s Jerusalem
9 Cultural DiffusionCultural Convergence – occurs when different cultures exchange ideas and become more similar; led to globalizationExample: Democracy, spread of EnglishCultural Divergence – occurs when different cultural influences cause an area to divide into separate partsExample: India – was once unified by a common Hindu culture; arrival of Islam led it to be divided into Hindu and Muslim areas
10 Discuss with a partner… Talk about how the Winter and Summer Olympics are an example of cultural convergence.How has technology contributed to cultural convergence?
11 Folk CultureFolk culture refers to a culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
13 Major Religions Christianity – 2.2 billion Islam 1.5 billion Hinduism 1 billionBuddhism 400 millionAnimism 232 millionJudaism 17 millionSikhism 16 million
14 MonotheisticBelief in one god.ChristianityIslamJudaismSikhism
15 Animism Oldest known belief system Historically practiced in a variety of forms in traditional societiesDeveloped in different parts of the world simultaneouslyCurrently practiced world-wide but most common in areas of Africa and the AmericasTradition of story-telling rather than putting beliefs in writingAnimals and plants have a spiritual nature