6 Because I could not stop for Death— One of the perfect poems in English.One of the greatest in the English language.—Allen Tate
7 Stanza 1 and 2 Because I could not stop for Death — He kindly stopped for me —The Carriage held but just Ourselves —And Immortality.We slowly drove – He knew no hasteAnd I had put awayMy labor and my leisure too,For His Civility –He: deathCivility: politeness; kindness
8 Stanza 3 and 4 We passed the School, where Children strove At Recess – in the Ring –We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain –We passed the Setting Sun –Or rather – He passed Us –The Dews drew quivering and chill –For only Gossamer(薄纱), my Gown –My Tippet （披肩）– only Tulle , –Recess: break time Ring: the shape of a ring, in a circleGazing Grain: ripe He: the setting sun
9 Stanza 5 and 6 We paused before a House that seemed A Swelling of the Ground –The Roof was scarcely visible –The Cornice– in the Ground –Since then – 'tis Centuries – and yetFeels shorter than the DayI first surmised the Horses' HeadsWere toward Eternity –House: grave.Cornice : ornamental moulding in plaster, round the walls of a room, just below the ceiling. (飞檐\檐口)surmised: guessed
10 Discussion QuestionsDeath is unavoidable for everybody, what’s your opinion about death?According to the speaker, is death terrible or charming? (stanza 1 and 2)What are the symbolic meanings of “the School”, “the fields of Gazing Grain”, “the Setting Sun”?What is the speaker’s view on death?
11 Tone and ThemeTone: the tone is changeable with the stanzas develop. First, the tone is light and pleasant. Then, it becomes serious and finally, the tone changes to be meditative.Theme: Death leads to immortality. Death is an endless journey; It’s a journey from life to death, from physical to spiritual, from time to timelessness.
12 More views on death… To die: to sleep; No more; —by William ShakespeareA life time is a year, death is winter.—by Robert BrowningDeath, esp a young beautiful lady’s death, is the most poetical topic in the world — by Edgar Allan Poe
13 Comparison: Emily Dickinson & Li Qingzhao Similarities:a. both received good educationb. broke away the fetters of tradition and seekedfor women’s right for love and freedom.c. both emphasized the importance of images,employed economical and colloquial words.
14 Emily Dickinson & Li Qingzhao Differences:a. Dickinson lived a reclusive life and remained single while Li Qingzhao had a happy marriage life.b. different ways to deal withthe theme of love.(frank and straightforward & implicit and sentimental)