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Beyond the countryside lie the lands largely uninhabited or undisturbed by man. These remote mountains, forests, and deserts include the remnants of primeval.

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Presentation on theme: "Beyond the countryside lie the lands largely uninhabited or undisturbed by man. These remote mountains, forests, and deserts include the remnants of primeval."— Presentation transcript:

1 Beyond the countryside lie the lands largely uninhabited or undisturbed by man. These remote mountains, forests, and deserts include the remnants of primeval America. Here, the…park lands offer opportunities for memorable outdoor experiences in surroundings of superlative natural beauty. But here, too, population growth and technological change are combining to destroy these opportunities. President’s Council on Recreation and Natural Beauty

2 Public Lands What are types of public lands Who administers the different public lands? How does wildlife management differ in various types of public land? What are unique problems and opportunities for managing wildlife in various public land types? Who cares?

3 Public Lands Park –An area that is designated primarily for the purpose of human recreation Usually people come before wildlife (U.S Fish & Wildlife Service)

4 Public Lands Value (Brown et al. 1980) Perceived contributions to recreational experiences of hikers in the Weminuche Area of Colorado Value a Psychological Attributes Relationship with nature Escape physical pressure Exercise Freedom Achievement Reflection on personal values 3.2 2.9 2.6 1.9 1.6 1.3 Wildlife Values Large wildlife (bighorn sheep) Small wildlife (beaver) Good fishing Naturally reproducing fish 2.7 2.4 a Scale: highest positive value = 4.0; strongest negative value = -4.0; no value = 0

5 Public Lands Managing people-wildlife interactions –E.g., Guidelines for developing wildlife viewing opportunities in parks (Shaw and Cooper 1980) What are tolerance levels of wildlife for humans? Which animal species have highest Aesthetic values for people? Species adaptable to management for viewing Management options People management Design facilities to: 1.Bring people to wildlife 2.Minimize impact of people and viewing arrangement on animals and their habitat Wildlife management 1.Provide proper habitat 2.Attract wildlife for viewing

6 Public Lands Park types –National Park USDI National Park Service –State Park Florida Department of Environmental Protection –Division of Recreation & Parks »Parks Service –County Park Alachua County Department of Parks & Recreation –City/town Park Gainesville Recreation & Parks Department –Private

7 Public Lands National Parks –Mandates The parks must be maintained in an absolutely unimpaired form for the use of future generations They are set apart for the use, observation, health, and pleasure of the people The national interest must dictate all decisions affecting public or private enterprise in the parks

8 Public Lands National Parks –Various Mandates Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Cape Cod National Seashore Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor Boston National Historic Park Gettysburg National Military Park Fort Necessity National Battlefield Yellowstone National Park Big Cypress National Preserve

9 Public Lands Florida State Parks –“The mission of the Florida Parks Service to provide resource-based recreation while preserving, interpreting, and restoring natural and cultural resources. Our goal is to help create a sense of place by showing park visitors the best of Florida's diverse natural and cultural heritage sites. Florida's state parks are managed and preserved for enjoyment by this and future generations through providing appropriate resource-based recreational opportunities, interpretation and education that help visitors connect to...the Real Florida.”

10 Public Lands Alachua County Parks –Mission: “To improve the quality of life for citizens of Alachua County by providing for their recreational needs in a cost-effective manner.”

11 Public Lands Gainesville Parks –Mission: “to meet the communities need for diverse active and passive recreational opportunities by providing professionally managed recreation and environmental education programs, stewardship of natural resources and maintenance of public landscape.”

12 Public Lands Transfrontier Parks –E.g., Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park South Africa: Kruger National Park Zimbabwe: Gonarezhou National Park Mozambique: Limpopo National Park –Elephant conservation The meaning of “Parks”

13 Public Lands Common theme of Parks? Park problems –Conflicting mandates –Overabundant wildlife & people (ecotourism) –Dangerous wildlife –Wildlife leaving parks –Succession & natural events –Hunting & fishing –ORV’s (U.S Fish & Wildlife Service)

14 Public Lands Refuges –National Wildlife Refuges USDI Fish & Wildlife Service –Refuge System ( »The mission of the System is to administer a national network of lands and waters for the conservation, management, and where appropriate, restoration of the fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitats within the United States for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans. »Goals of the National Wildlife Refuge System: »a. To fulfill our statutory duty to achieve refuge purpose(s) and further the System mission. »b. Conserve, restore where appropriate, and enhance all species of fish, wildlife, and plants that are endangered or threatened with becoming endangered. »c. Perpetuate migratory bird, interjurisdictional fish, and marine mammal populations. »d. Conserve a diversity of fish, wildlife, and plants. »e. Conserve and restore, where appropriate, representative ecosystems of the United States, including the ecological processes characteristic of those ecosystems. »f. To foster understanding and instill appreciation of fish, wildlife, and plants, and their conservation, by providing the public with safe, high-quality, and compatible wildlife- dependent public use. Such use includes hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, and environmental education and interpretation.

15 Public Lands Refuges –National Wildlife Refuges 1966 National Wildlife Refuge System Act 1997 National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act –Organic Act »Wildlife first!

16 Public Lands Refuges –State Refuges & Wildlife Management Areas Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission –“Florida's Wildlife Management Area (WMA) system is managed by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) to sustain the widest possible range of native wildlife in their natural habitats. This system includes more than five million acres of land established as WMAs and Wildlife and Environmental Areas (WEAs).”

17 Public Lands Common theme of Refuges & WMA’s? Refuge problems –Funding –Hunting & fishing –People (ecotourism) –Wildlife leaving refuge –Conflicting mandates (U.S Fish & Wildlife Service)

18 Public Lands Forests –National Forests USDA Forest Service (USFS) –USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands –Multiple use, including production »Timber, non-timber, minerals, grazing, etc…

19 Public Lands Forests –State Forests FLDACS Forest Service (Division of Forestry) –Multiple use, including production

20 Public Lands Common theme of Forests? Forest problems –What is multiple use –Production vs. conservation –People (ecotourism) –Hunting & fishing

21 Public Lands Rangelands –Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands –National Grasslands USDA Forest Service –Multiple use, including production »Water, minerals, grazing, etc… –Other

22 Public Lands Common theme of Rangelands? Rangeland problems –What is multiple use –Production vs. conservation –People –Hunting & fishing

23 Public Lands Wilderness Areas –1964 Wilderness Act –Any federal lands NP, NWR, NF, etc… –Leopold & A Sand County Almanac –Issues Conflicting mandate with surrounding lands

24 Public Lands Protected Areas –Are they enough? Leopold: ASCA Frumhoff: Tropical forests Hartup: CBS

25 Public Lands So what?

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