Continents by Size (sq. km.) Asia44,579,000Africa30,065,000 North America 24,256,000 South America 17,819,000 Antarctica13,209,000 Europe Europe9,938,000 Oceania (incl. Australia) Oceania (incl. Australia) 7,687,000
Northern Peninsulas Scandinavian and Jutland (Denmark) at or below sea level. Low Countries Polder Land: Land in the low countries that has been reclaimed from the sea. Dikes: Flood Walls Glaciations and Fjords: Deep ocean inlets cut by glaciers
Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula
Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula Includes Spain and Portugal Strait of Gibraltar Narrow strip of water separates Europe and Africa Italian (Apennine) Peninsula : Italy Mt. Vesuvius: Active Italian volcano near Naples, that destroyed ancient Roman city of Pompeii. Balkan Peninsula: Mountains peninsula contains Greece
Europe’s Islands Iceland Viking Territory, considered part of Scandinavia. British Isles Great Britain Big Island, contains England, Scotland, and Wales Isle of Ireland (The Emerald Isle) Contains Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, part of the U.K. Great Britain Island of Ireland
Southern Mountains Pyrenees Separate Spain and France. Alps Isolate the Italian peninsula. Rhine and Po Rivers Both begin in the Alps Balkan Peninsula: Balkan means mountains, the Balkans are very mountainous Carpathian Mountains: Run through Eastern Europe
The Alps Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France. Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France.
Plains Regions North European Plain Plain region beginning in northern France and extending through Russia. Most of the population lives here and most agriculture is here. Loess: Fine, rich, windblown soil which covers the North European Plain.
Water Systems Rivers and Canals Link the countries of Europe together. Rhine River Most important river in western Europe. Thames England Danube Flows through Germany to the Black Sea
Rhine River Longest river in Germany An important waterway for trade Begins in Switzerland, winds through Germany, France, Luxembourg, & The Netherlands
The Danube River Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine. Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube
The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum e 2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide e “Crossroads of 3 Continents” Caesarea on the Israeli coast Strait of Gibraltar & the “Pillars of Hercules”
Mediterranean Sea Important route for trade & cultural exchange “Crossroads for 3 continents” (Europe, Africa, & Asia) Covers an area of 965,000 square miles Name means “in the middle of the earth” (surrounded by land)
Natural Resources Coal: The U.K, Germany, Ukraine, and Poland. Many fields are untouched because they are too expensive to mine. Peat: Vegetable matter found in swamps and bogs which can be burned for fuel. Minerals: Bauxite, Zinc and Manganese. Countries also use other sources of energy such as natural gas, and nuclear power.