2 94 self-assessments of needs & priorities (2007-2010) WTO Technical Assistance for National SELF Assessmentof Needs and Priorities on the Trade Facilitation Negotiations94 self-assessments of needs & priorities ( )July 2012-Members request new needs assessment projectWTO Members and ObserversUpdate results or first timeFunded by Trust FundProject Description(WTO TF TACB website)
3 WHAT is a needs assessment? Situational Analysis- where standGap analysis- needed for complianceA.2 INTERNET PUBLICATIONCOMPLY: Yes: No: Partially: Not applicable: National Priority: High: Medium: Low: None___
4 Self Assessment Objectives Identify TA/CB needs/priorities for the implementation of proposed measuresIdentify SDT ABC categoriesBetter determination of national negotiation position for each proposed measureBe better prepared for implementationDevelop capacity to continue assessment of needs and priorities - support negotiators
5 WHY have new needs assessment? Update results from 1st assessmentReforms madeChanges in negotiationsDetermine Special & Differential TreatmentABC Categories
6 Benefits: X-Ray of country situation Better understanding of role and status of various border agencies and private sectorBetter understanding of WTO TF and possible results of negotiationsBetter understanding of the proposed measuresNew personal relationships which will promote better cooperationprovides transparency to the processIn evaluations participants of NA have stated many other benefits that they gain during their participationHere some most common comments in the evaluationsBased on evaluations of needs assessments.
7 WHERE is assessment conducted? National- in your country
8 HOW is assessment conducted? Updated GuideFollows Negotiating Text (W/165)+/- 40 proposed measuresChartsReview results of 1st assessment
9 WHO will conduct assessment? Countries that make a request45 to dateNational taskforceGeneva delegateFacilitators to guide the processOthers: regional organizations, donor projects, etc.
10 Stakeholders – about 30 Negotiation Support Guide TN/TF/W/51 Geneva/Brussels/Capital negotiatorsImplementing agencies (Customs (5 or 6), Quarantine, Standards Board, Port Authority and Airport Authority, etc.)Attorney General/ Legal Department (legal reform, appeal)Ministry of Commerce (negotiations, competitiveness, trade flow, industry protection, consumer protection)Foreign Affairs (negotiations)Economy and Finance (trade flow, controls budget)Ministry of Agriculture and Animals (controls requests for SPS)Ministry of Food and Drugs (human health issues)Ministry of Environment (human health and wildlife conservation)Central Bank (foreign currency controls)Private sector (big/small, importer/exporter, carrier, cargo forwarders and owner, Chamber of Commerce, shippers association, cargo forwarders association, main industries, etc.)Negotiation Support Guide TN/TF/W/51
11 Facilitators WTO Secretariat International and Regional organizations Experts from national customs administrationsIn-country donor projects
12 Role of Geneva/Brussels Delegate Importance of TF and NACoordinate with capital, WTO, facilitatorsPresentation on WTO and TFEncourage work groups – get what needWork with facilitators/coordinatorsReport to NGTFFollow-up questionnaireEnsure maximum results!
13 Path to Implementation Situation AnalysisGap AnalysisIdentify ResourcesImplementationIdentify the measures with which you already comply, and those with which you will need to become compliantIdentify the specific legal, procedural, and organizational changes that need to be made and the timeframe for implementation.Identify persons, resources, deliverables, and deadlines to resolve each of the identified gaps.Reform:LegislationRegulationsOrganizationetc.To align to Kyoto standards, the Guide suggests a sequence of activities. First, there should be a “situational analysis,” where customs technical experts compare the national situation with the Kyoto standards and identify all the gaps. This stage is then followed by a more detailed “gap analysis”, where the Project Management Team (or persons appointed by them) identifies the specific changes that must be made to the Customs Act, to implementing rules, procedures and/or technical requirements (i.e., changes in ASYCUDA, if any). Once the gap analysis is complete, the Project Management Team should develop an action plan to identify what work must be done, in what sequence and by what timeframes, and by whom.
14 Stages SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS GAP ANALYSIS SPECIFIC ACTIONS REQUIRED RESOURCES NEEDEDCOST OF REQUIRED RESOURCESWe have . . .We don’t have. . .Legal provision missing…Amend X articles of lawn lawyer(s)Daily Rate (range) x Days (range)We do this . . .We don’t do this . ..No understanding of requirements…Trainingn trainer(s)Declaration processing system needs to be changed…1. Analyze2. Develop Software3. Test software4. Roll outn business analystsn software engineersn testersetc.Not part of WTOAssessment
15 Calculation of Needed Resources Proposals more focusedImprove on experience of first assessmentsGuideMore guidance on what might be needed to implementCorrect stakeholdersEncourage accuracy of details
16 Results of the Week Chart for each measure with: Situational and Gap analysisResources neededImplementation/TA needsOverall compliance levelSDT ABC categoryEstimated time needed to implementExecutive report compile/analyze resultsResults are confidential- for your use only
17 When? Provide preferred time period Appropriate facilitators available LDC priority
18 What WTO provides: Logistical/administrative arrangements Training for Geneva delegatesFacilitatorsGuide and other MaterialsComplete kit: Model invitation letters, Powerpoint slides, instructions for secretary, certificates for participants . . .Quality control
19 COST$ Can you provide? Participation of Geneva Delegate Meeting room Coffee breaks and lunchesYou Shall provide:Meeting equipment, laptops, projector, etc.SecretaryYou provide if necessary:InterpretationSit-in feesTravel of participantsSecretary fees
20 How to RequestOfficial letter requesting a WTO trade facilitation needs assessmentNotification - electronicGeneva delegateCapital coordinator
21 Now! When to Request? But can apply anytime! Preparation time Better overall plantrust fundfacilitatorsGet in queueBut can apply anytime!
22 Status of Requests from Africa: AngolaLesothoBotswanaMalawiBurkina FasoMauritiusCape VerdeMoroccoCentral African RepublicMozambiqueDemocratic Republic of CongoNamibiaEgyptNigeriaEthiopiaSudanGabonSwazilandGhanaZambiaKenyaZimbabwe
23 –(easily found through A-Z liston main webpage)
25 National Needs Assessment Agenda Advance meeting- hi-level officials/private sectorDay 1: facilitator & Geneva delegate presentationsBackground WTO and TF negotiationsGuideDivide into working groupsDay 2-4: Needs assessment in working groupsDay 4: Review of initial assessment in plenaryDay 5: analyze results & present to high-level officials and private sector
26 Results of the Week Completed chart for each proposal Summary report Powerpoint presentationResults are confidential- for your use only
27 Calculation of cost$ of implementation? Self AssessmentInvite government specialists in costingInvite your donorsSend results to your donors
28 Preparation Official request Notify WTO Identify Coordinators & StakeholdersSet datesCoordinate with WTO and facilitators
29 C.1 PROVISION OF ADVANCE RULINGS Basic Standard: A Member shall issue legally binding rulings in a timely manner, and in advanceof the relevant trade transaction, at the request of an interested person who has provided the Memberwith all necessary informationCOMPLY: Yes: No: Partially: Not applicable: National Priority: High: Medium: Low: None:Current situation relative to the Basic Standard. Describe in detail.Barriers to meeting Basic StandardActions needed to meet basic standard (Consider needs in legal framework, administrative policy, human resources, training, equipment, organization, change management. If possible include estimated costs and/or implementation times.)What can be done locally to address barriers? (Specify in detail)Is Technical Assistance or Capacity Building support needed? If yes, specify in detail.Priority for Technical Assistance: High: Medium: Low: None: Comments:Lead agency or organization and other stakeholders that would be responsible for implementation of this measure:Stakeholders not participating in assessment of this measure(s) that should be consulted:Issues to note (any comments or recommendations for negotiators, etc.):
30 Results? Chart for each measure Situational analysis- where standGap analysis- implementation/TA needs in enough detail to estimate resourcesOverall compliance levelSDT ABC categoryEstimated time needed to implementExecutive report compile/analyze resultsALL RESULTS ARE CONFIDENTIAL