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Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns

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1 Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns

2 Voting Requirements to Vote:
18 years of age, resident of the state, citizen of the United States, registered. Polling Place: where the vote is held absentee ballot: a ballot to vote for a registered voter who is unable or unwilling to attend the official polling place. Who is in charge of running elections?

3 Election Day Coverage Returns: Votes from each precinct is counted.
exit polls: Polls taken from voters as they leave polling place. Allows analysts to make predictions. How can it influence the outcome of an election? Push polls: a technique used by campaigns to influence voters under the disguise of a poll.

4 AVOID APATHY Apathy: Lack of concern or care
The 2000 presidential race came down to 500 votes in Florida.

5 Types of Elections General Election: 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November on even dated years. Why? Special Elections: special circumstances can lead to elections outside of the general election. run-off- in case of no decision recall- a vote to remove an elected official from office.

6 What do you vote for? Initiative: Citizens can propose laws to be placed on the ballot through petitions. Proposition: Citizen proposed law which has been placed on a ballot. Referendum: Citizens can “refer” a law passed by their legislature to placed on the ballot (check by the people). Presidential Elections (61%-High) v. Mid-Term Elections (48%-High)

7 Campaigns Billions of dollars every election ($5.8 Billion)
canvassing, phone calls, advertising What is the purpose of spending money in a campaign?

8 Campaign Finance Reform
FECA- Federal Election Campaign Act- created to regulate campaign finance. public disclosure limit on hard money: money given exactly to a candidate. limited PAC (political action committees)- organization that campaigns for or against candidates, initiatives, or legislation.

9 Campaign Finance Reform
Buckley v. Valeo: government could set limits on campaign contributions. soft money: money given directly to the party and not designated to a specific candidate. McCain-Feingold Act- limited soft money. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Found that McCain-Feingold violated the first amendment, and allows for corporations and unions to give unrestricted soft money.

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