Presentation on theme: " Do Now: In 1816, a member of Congress said, “I will buy where I can get manufactured goods the cheapest. …It is unjust to aggravate the burdens of the."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now: In 1816, a member of Congress said, “I will buy where I can get manufactured goods the cheapest. …It is unjust to aggravate the burdens of the people for the purpose of favoring the manufacturers.” Write 2 lines about whether you agree or disagree with this statement and explain your position. Was this person in favor of the Tariff Act of 1816? How do you know? Use information from the text to support your answer. Today, I will be able to define sectionalism in my own words. Also, I will be able to explain how the Supreme Court expanded the power of the federal government. I need to see 11.1 completed or it will be a zero. Take quiz 11.1-11.2 if you haven't done so already.
The North improves infrastructure / transportation. Their wealth and population continues to grow. The South sees few improvements to infrastructure. Travel between states continues to be difficult. Continued reliance upon traditional means of transpiration (rivers)
The Federalist party has dissolved at the national level; however, there are still federalists appointees serving as judges (see J. Marshall). People are interested in being unified Great Britain has been defeated (again) The economy is growing Era of Good Feelings Era of Good Feelings
Calhoun (S.C.) representing the South Democratic-Republican Yale educated Supported war of 1812 Generally opposed to strengthening the federal govt
Daniel Webster: New Hampshire Federalist/Whig Opposed the War of 1812 Wanted the federal government to take a larger role in building the nation’s economy
Henry Clay (born in Va) speaks for the West Wanted the War of 1812 Favored a more active federal government Starts as a Democratic-Republican, then joins the Whig party in the 1830s, then joins the National Republican Party in the 1850s
Original Bank of US charter expired in 1811 (not renewed until 1816), state banks took over and issued too much money…Problems ??? Britain begins “dumping” 1815 US market are flooded with cheaper British goods, Britain was actually underselling in hopes of driving US factories out of business. Americans (especially in the North) want the government to take action #stopdadumping
Tariff act of 1816 dramatically increased the cost of imports. Results: imports cost more than American goods. Southerners argued that tariffs didn’t benefit all Americans, only the wealthy Northern business owners.
Tariffs to protect Northern industry Extra money would be used to improve infrastructure throughout America Result: North is happy, the South is not…’rivers are good enough for us’ American System American System
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) States have no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders “The power to tax is the power to destroy” Upheld the national bank’s charter Gibbon v. Ogden (1824) States could only control trade within their borders The federal government could regulate (monitor) trade between states (interstate commerce).