3 VOCABULARY Natural Resources Useful materials found in the environment Raw MaterialsRenewable ResourcesNon-renewable ResourcesUseful materials found in the environmentNatural resources that must be worked to be usefulNatural resources that can be replacedNatural resources that cannot be replaced
4 What Are Natural Resources? Resources found in natureRaw MaterialsEverything people use or consume is made with thisExamples: Water, minerals, vegetation, etc (you?)Used just as they are foundTrees are the raw materials for paper and woodWood is soaked and broken up to create pulp (soup of wood fibers) and machines collect the wet fibers on screen to form paper
6 Types of Resources Renewable Living Replaced naturally due to how Earth worksEx. Water through use of water cycleNitrogen & CarbonWind to make electricityComes from differences in how Sun heats EarthEnergy from the sun (Solar Energy)Geothermal EnergyDifference in heat between Earth’s surface & interiorPlants & animals considered renewableMust be managed more closely in order to survive
9 Non-renewable Fossil Fuels Most non-living things fall into this categoryExamples: minerals, metals, gas and petroleumResources must be used carefullyMaterials can be recycled in order to be reusedType of non-renewable resourceCoal, natural gas & petroleum fall into this categoryCreated over millions of years from remains of prehistoric living thingsCould possibly run out if we continue to use like we doOil & natural gas are renewable so living things of today will become fossil fuel later but it takes so long to develop it is of no use for us today.
10 A Special Resource: Energy SolarWindHydroelectricNeeded to make use of other natural resourcesPeople in every country need itCertain areas are rich in energy resources, others have very fewMay have to buy “energy” from other sourcesTypesEnergy
11 Meeting Energy Needs in the Future Over time: energy use has gone up rapidlyFossil Fuels are slowly running outwe may need to find an alternate source eventuallySources that won’t run outWindSunTidalGeothermalBiomass (plant material)These can be used in place of different fossil fuelsAtomic Powerplentiful but can be dangerousdoes not pollute the airWays to help energy?Meeting Energy Needs in the Future
12 State of the Union Vocabulary MomentumFascismObstructionBipartisanSubsidizedforce or speed of movement; impetus, as of a physical object or course of eventsa governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.something that obstructs, blocks, or closes up with an obstacle or obstaclesrepresenting, characterized by, or including members from two parties or factionsPartial financial support
14 VOCABULARY Natural surroundings Environment The large-scale production of goods by hand or by machineThe movement of settlers and their culture to a new countryThe growth of machine-powered production in an economyEnvironmentManufacturingColonizationindustrialization
15 LAND USE AND CULTURE What depends on how people use land? Culture & EnvironmentExample?Environment helps to shape cultureEnvironment & culture changes over time which would change land useRemember, similar environments do not necessarily mean similar cultureCultural background determines how you will interact with your particular environmentCultures and LandscapeLand Use and Cultural Differences
16 Land Use and Economic Activity People use land and resources to make a livingExamples: Farming, fishing, miningFactories turn natural resources into materials or productsWay things are produced correspond with economic activity3 LEVELS OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITYPeople use land & resources directly to make products (hunting, mining, fishing, farming)Interact directly with land or seaFirst-LevelActivity
17 Second-Level Activities Third-LevelActivitiesPeople process the products of 1st level activitiesDone by manufacturing in a factoryEx. Turning corn into cornflakes for cerealFound in urban areasKnown as servicesEx. Delivering cornflakes to grocery storesDo not produce goods but help sell themExamples?
18 Changes in Land UseColonization allows new people to change the land based on their cultural practicesEx. Farmers that move will still farm regardless of where they are goingBefore European colonists went to Australia there was no farming or raising animalsThey changed the way of land use when theymovedIndustrialization has changed environmentCaused urbanizationSpread of cities and suburbs is known as sprawlColonizationIndustrialization and Sprawl
19 CH. 5 SECTION 3: HOW PEOPLE EFFECT THE ENVIRONMENT
20 VOCABULARY A loss of forest cover in a region A richness of different kinds of living things in a regionTechnology for building structures that alter the landscape, such as dams, roads, and bridgesMan-made, that makes the air, water, or soil less cleanDeforestationBiodiversityCivilEngineeringPollution
21 First-Level Activities Direct Interaction w/ raw materialsProvide food & resources that people need to liveCountries have grown, so people have to meet challenge of feeding populationEx. Created new farmland has destroyed grasslands & wetlands but food was neededAgriculture, forestry & fishing is helpful but can have harmful effects (Examples)Farmers use fertilizer to grow food, it’s needed but is harmfulCreating FarmlandEnvironmental Challenges
22 Finding A BalancePeople all around the world are working to find solutions to meeting our needs and helping our environmentExamples of how?
23 Second & Third Level Activities IndustryServicesCreated & transformed environment & landscapesProvide most of the jobs in developed countriesMain land use in urban areasHave side effects on the environment but create convenience, efficiency & are useful2nd Level3rd LevelBoth LevelsProvide Jobs & Reshape Environment
24 Pollution issuesCan cause higher temperatures or other changes in climateWhat are some things that cause pollution?Are working to find solutionsGreen vehiclesRenewable energy sourcesReducing pollution may reduce risk of harmful environment changesRecyclingReduces the amount of waste dumpedSaves natural resourcesFinding solutions is a major challengeMust work together to meet this challengeEnvironmentalChallengesFinding Solutions