… so how do we do that? To start with, I expect for your notes for my class to be CORNELL NOTES, which means that they follow a specific format.
To start with, you need to set up your lined notebook paper the right way:
When we write, we will need to have a small space at the top for your HEADER and TITLE and a 2 inch space at the bottom for your SUMMARY. FIRST, we fold the paper. There is one 2 ½ inch column (it’s okay to estimate) on the LEFT side, and a second larger column on the RIGHT side.
Now, add your HEADING and TITLE at the top. NAME DATE PERIOD TITLE OF YOUR NOTES GOES HERE
Now, we will take notes on the CONTENT in the RIGHTHAND column, using telegraphic sentences: Telegraphic sentences means: a. Key words only b. Omit unnecessary words c. Ignore rules of grammar For example, if I say “The young boy in the story likes to eat fruit, especially bananas and cherries.” you might write: Boy eats fruit – bananas/cherries.
Questions help to: a)Clarify meaning b)Establish continuity (help you to make connections between material) c) Strengthen your memory. … they also help you prepare for tests and quizzes! After class, you will go back and write questions on the LEFTHAND side of your paper to correspond with your notes.
You will also go back and write a SUMMARY at the bottom of the page. This will help you to RECALL what you have learned later on.
You’re NOT FINISHED! RECITE (cover the right side, ask yourself the questions, answer them aloud) REFLECT (ask yourself… why is this important?) REVIEW (spend 10 minutes a week to review all of your notes)
Now… We’re going to review Structural Elements of Plot Remember, you are expected to use CORNELL NOTES… go ahead and take out a sheet of paper and get it set up. Use your sample paper if you need it as a reminder!
Today’s Standard Reading Standard 3.2 Evaluate the structural elements of the plot (for example, subplots, parallel episodes, climax), the plot’s development, and the way in which conflicts are (or are not) addressed and resolved.
Review: Elements of Plot Basic Situation Conflict Complications Climax Resolution (Who are the characters and what is their situation) (Character’s Problem) (Additional Obstacles Faced by Characters) (Highest Point of Suspense) (How Conflicts Are Resolved, Loose Ends Are Tied Up)
Subplots: Plots that are part of the larger story but are not as important. The prefix sub- means “under” or “less important than.” Example: In William Shakespeare’s play A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the major plot involves the couples of Hermia, Lysander, Helena, and Demetrius but there are also several subplots. These include the struggles of the acting troupe and Titania and Oberon’s feud.
Parallel Episodes: Repeated scenes. The storyteller repeats the main outline of an episode several time within a work. Example: In A Midsummer Night’s Dream William Shakespeare presents several parallel episodes of mixed up love: Hermia and Demetrius, Helena and Lysander, Titania and the ass, Bottom and Titania. The author gives the same storyline in similar parallel forms.
Summarizing a Plot: Most plots can be summarized by using a strategy called somebody wanted but so. Somebody is the main character(s). Wanted is what that character(s) want. But means the complications that develop that make it harder for the character(s) to get what he/ she wants. So is how it all works out in the end. Example: Lysander and Hermia want to get married but are forbidden by her father so they are forced to run away into a forest where their love gets all mixed up, but things work out in the end and they are finally allowed to marry each other.
Conflict: External Conflict: The character struggles against outside forces. Can you think of some examples? Internal Conflict: The character struggles with some conflict or emotional turmoil inside of him or her self. Can you think of some examples of this kind of conflict? Types of Conflict 1.Man vs. Man 2.Man vs. Self 3.Man vs. Nature 4.Man vs. Unknown 5.Man vs. Society
Review Quiz 1.What is the highest point of tension in a story called? 2.What is the resolution in a plot? 3.In The Giver all of the similar episodes in which The Giver transfers memories to Jonas are examples of ____________ ____________ in a plot. 4.A character is stranded in the desert and fights against a sandstorm to make his way to safety. Is this an internal or external conflict? 5.Summarize the plot of The Giver using the “Somebody Wanted But So” strategy. 6.Give an example of a subplot from a piece of literature from the 7 th grade curriculum. Tell why it is a subplot.