Presentation on theme: "Ideology and the Scope of Government"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ideology and the Scope of Government Political Ideology is a consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of governmentHow far should government go to maintain order, provide public goods/services, and promote equality?
2 Two Dilemmas of Government The original dilemma of government involves freedom versus order.The modern dilemma of government involves freedom versus equality.
3 Importance of Order and Freedom World Values Survey
5 Ideology and the Scope of Government Where is the USA in regards to Political and Economic Theories?
6 Political TheoriesTotalitarianism = govt. should have unlimited power to control all sectors of society (business, labor, arts, sports)Liberalism =govt. should leave individuals free to follow their own pursuits (but allows some limited regulation by government)Libertarianism =opposed to all govt. action except as needed to protect life and propertyAnarchism =opposes govt. in any form; values freedom above all else
7 Economic TheoriesSocialism = the central govt. plays a strong role in regulating existing private industry and directing the economy and allows some private ownershipDemocratic Socialism is most common today in EuropeCapitalism = the govt. favors free enterprise (privately owned businesses) to operate the marketplace/economyLaissez Faire =govt. should not intervene in the marketplace/economyCommunism = involves a theory that gives ownership of all land and productive facilities to the people; the government (or the “state”)
8 Capitalism v. Socialism Equality of opportunity is the concern of capitalism:1. Everyone should have an equal chance2. Equality of outcome is believed to be impossibleEquality of outcome is the concern of socialism:1. People should be as equal as possible ina) Incomeb) Educationc) Occupational status2. Equality of opportunity is believed to be impossible
9 Political Labels in the USA Liberal = willing to use government to promote freedom but not orderConservative = willing to use government to promote order but not equality
10 Liberal* in USA Conservative* in USA -wants a more -wants govt to limit activist govt itself at all levels-looks to govt. to -wants less govt.solve problems control-wants change in -keep the statuspolicy rather than quo than change policystatus quo -stresses individual-passion for helping responsibility anddisadvantaged and freedom in marketsunorganized -supports laws for-supports freedom on control on moral or moral or personal choice issuespersonal choice issues***in most cases***