2 A. Why People Migrate1. Push – Pull FactorsPUSH – induces people to move OUT of their current location.PULL – induces people to move INTO a new location.
3 2. Kinds of Push-Pull Factors Economic – mainly jobs.Cultural – forced migrations. (refugees)-Slavery, political oppression, etc.Environmental – comfort-mountains, coasts, climate, water
4 3. Intervening Obstacles Environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration.Mountains“Great Wall”list more…
5 a. Obstacles to Migration Immigration policies of host countriesU.S. quota lawsTemporary migration for workTime-contract workersEconomic migrants or refugees?Cultural problems living in other countriesU.S. attitudes to immigrantsAttitudes to guest workers
6 Refugees: Sources and destinations Fig. 3-1: Major source and destination areas of both international and internal refugees.
7 B. Distance of Migration CATEGORIESInternal-most common-shorter distance-less stressMidwest to CoastorCity to SuburbInternational-voluntary or forced-often long distances
8 Intraregional Migration in the U.S. Fig. 3-14: Average annual migration among urban, suburban, and rural areas in the U.S. during the 1990s. The largest flow was from central cities to suburbs.
9 C. Characteristics of Migrants Most long-distance migrants are male.Most long-distance migrants are adults rather than families with children.
10 Migration within a Country Migration between regions of a countryMigration between regions within the U.S.Migration between regions in other countriesMigration within one regionRural-urban migrationUrban-suburban migrationMigration from metropolitan to nonmetropolitan regions
11 Interregional Migration in the U.S. Fig. 3-13: Average annual migrations between regions in the U.S. in 1995 and in 2000.
12 Center of Population in the U.S. Fig. 3-12: The center of U.S. population has consistently moved westward, with the population migration west. It has also begun to move southward with migration to the southern sunbelt.
13 Net Migration (per population) Fig. 3-3: Net migration per 1,000 population. The U.S. has the largest number of immigrants, but other developed countries also have relatively large numbers.
14 Migration Patterns Global migration patterns U.S. migration patterns Colonial immigration19th century immigrationRecent immigrationImpact of immigration on the U.S.Legacy of European migrationUndocumented immigrationDestination of immigrants within the U.S.
15 Global Migration Patterns Fig. 3-2: The major flows of migration are from less developed to more developed countries.
16 Migration to U.S., by region of origin Fig. 3-4: Most migrants to the U.S. were from Europe until the 1960s. Since then, Latin America and Asia have become the main sources of immigrants.
17 Migration from Asia to the U.S. Fig. 3-5: Migration in The largest numbers of migrants from Asia come from India, China, the Philippines, and Vietnam.
18 Migration from Latin America to the U.S. Fig. 3-6: Mexico has been the largest source of migrants to the U.S., but migrants have also come from numerous other Latin American nations.
22 Why is Genocide Allowed to Happen? Genocide does not threaten U.S. security.Suppressing genocide could threaten American lives.Lack of condemnation or sanctions.Difficult to predict or report.U.S. will not allow citizens to be tried in agenocide court.
23 RwandaBACKGROUNDEuropeans created a class system in the region in 1918.Class based mostly on ethnicity in relation to European ideals.Ethnic identity cards issued in 1926.Belgium withdraws from Rwanda/Burundi. (1962)
24 Rwanda HUTU *86% of Pop *agriculturalists *poorer/less educated *Shorter, squater, wider features.*oppressed groupTUTSI*13% of Pop*cattle herders*”wealthy”, educated*”European” features*oppressed group
25 TODAY!!!Myanmar?DarfurVARIOUS OTHER AFRICAN COUNTRIES