10 Push Factor - Agricultural Decline Agricultural decline means a person cannot grow as much food on the same amount of land as they once could. Over time land becomes less fertile and people have to move.
11 Push Factor - ConflictPeople flee from wars. These people are known as refugees. There are many refugee camps in Africa due to a long history of civil war in many countries.
12 Push Factor - Political Persecution Political persecution means that people are punished when they disagree with the government. This happens most in dictatorships or communist countries. People have migrated from China and Cuba because of political persecution.
14 Push Factor - Limits on Freedom Communist countries often limit personal freedom. People cannot listen to certain music, watch certain television shows, or even say things bad about the government.
15 Push Factor - Environmental Degradation Deforestation Desertification - An expansion of arid conditions into non-arid regions. This is a problem in the Sahel, a region near the Sahara Desert in North Africa.