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© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. TH11/17/11 Ch. 3.1 Why Do People Migrate? (pp. 77-85)
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. I. Overview A type of mobility –Migration is a permanent move to a new location –Migration = relocation diffusion Emigration – migration from a country Immigration – migration to a country
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. II. Reasons for Migration –Most people migrate for economic reasons –Push and pull factors push factor – influence people to move out of location pull factor – influence people to move into a location
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. A. Push & Pull Factors 1. Economic people move away from places with poor economic opportunities and toward places with better ones 2. Cultural forced migration (e.g., slavery, refugees) political factors – persecution, oppression of religion or political rights 3. Environmental water factors – floodplains, deserts
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Refugees: Sources and Destinations Figure 3-2
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. A. Push & Pull Factors (cont.) 4. Intervening obstacles –Historically, intervening obstacles are environmental –Examples? Examples: oceans, desert, mountains –Transportation technology lessens impact of intervening obstacles today –Explain? Examples: plane, boat, car, train
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. II. Distance of Migration A.Internal migration Two types: Interregional migration = movement from one region to another Intraregional migration = movement within a region
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. II. Distance of Migration B. International migration Two types: –Voluntary – often economic –Forced – often cultural Migration transition –International migration is most common in countries that are in stage 2 of the demographic transition
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. C. Migration Transition Model Stage 1 – seasonal migration Stage 2 – international migration & interregional migration (rural to urban) Stages 3 & 4 – principal destinations of international migrants Stages 3 & 4 – intraregional migration (urban to suburban)
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Global Migration Patterns Figure 3-5
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. IV. Characteristics of Migrants A. Overview Most long-distance migrants are Male Adults Individuals Families with children are less common
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. IV. Characteristics of Migrants (cont.) B. Gender Traditionally, males outnumbered females In the United States today, 55 percent of immigrants = female C. Family status In the United States today, about 40 percent of immigrants = young adults, aged 25–39
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Tomorrow: Where do immigrants move?
Chapter 3 Migration.
The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography
Key Issue 1: Why Do People Migrate?
Why Do People Migrate? Key Issue #1.
3-4. First – Some Review Questions NUMBER ON YOUR PAPER FROM 1-10 WE WILL GO THROUGH ALL OF THE QUESTIONS AND THEN REVIEW THE ANSWERS!
Chapter 3 Migration. Key Terms Mobility: movements from one place to another Migration: permanent move to a new location Emigration: migration from.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 3: Migration The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Migration. © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Global Migration Patterns Figure 3-5.
MIGRATION Chapter 3.
Migration Push and Pull Factors. Cultural Factors The strongest reason to migrate. Forced emigration factors: Slavery Political instability.
Migration A type of relocation diffusion. Migration A permanent move to a new location Geographers document WHERE people migrate to and from across.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Karl Byrand, University of Wisconsin-Sheboygan Contemporary Human Geography, 2e Lectures Chapter 3 Migration.
Migration PPT by Abe Goldman.
Migration 3.1/3/5. Terms/Concepts Migration Emigration / Immigration International / Interregional migration Chain Migration Refugees Guest Worker Migrant.
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