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Monotheistic Religions Christianity, Islam, Judaism.

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Presentation on theme: "Monotheistic Religions Christianity, Islam, Judaism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Monotheistic Religions Christianity, Islam, Judaism

2 Jesus of Nazareth A Jewish teacher, Jesus of Nazareth, preached a message of love and forgiveness. –Jesus attracted many followers and enemies –His enemies, the Roman leaders, had him executed

3 Foundations of Christianity Christians (followers of Jesus) believe that Jesus was the son of God –Reason- according to the Christians Jesus rose from the dead 3 days after he was executed. Two of Jesus’ followers, Peter and Paul, established the Christian Church in Rome –Christianity became Rome’s official religion in A.D. 392 Christianity is based out of the book called the Bible

4 Christian Leaders Jesus of Nazareth Peter Paul

5 Major Branches of Christianity Roman Catholic Protestant Eastern Orthodox Pentecostal Presbyterian Anglican Baptist Methodist Lutheran Jehovah's Witness Latter Day Saints (Mormon) Adventist Mennonite

6 Fast Facts about Christianity Worship: God Teacher: Jesus Christ Holy Cities: Jerusalem and Bethlehem Book: The Bible House of Worship: Churches Holy Days: Christmas and Easter

7 Date: about 33 CE Followers: Christians # of Followers: 2 billion Rank: 1 st Location: Europe, N. America, S. America, Africa Text: Bible Clergy: Priests, ministers, pastors, bishops House of Worship: Church, chapel Day of Worship: Sunday To Write in Your Religion Chart

8 The Spread of Christianity

9 Islam 600 AD the prophet Muhammad founded the religion of Islam Followers called Muslims Located: Southwest Asia, North Africa, and parts of Europe

10 Islamic Beliefs Muslim’s believe: –Muhammad was the last of a series of holy prophets that included Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. –Muslim’s believe that Allah is the only God and that Muhammad was his messenger. The Quran is the collection of Allah’s word written by Muhammad.

11 Islam Fast Facts Worship: Allah Teacher: Muhammad Holy City: Mecca Book: Quran House of Worship: Mosque Holy Days: Ramadan

12 Map of Islam

13 To Write in Your Religion Chart Date: 622 CE Followers: Muslims # of Followers: 1.3 billion Rank: 2 nd Location: Middle East, Southeast Asia Text: Quran Clergy: Imams House: Mosque Day of Worship: Friday

14 Date Founded Unknown But is known as the oldest religion of the Western World

15 Followers Called Jews

16 Number of Followers 14 Million 12 th largest religion in the world

17 Location Israel Europe The United States

18 Sacred Text Jewish Bible Made up of only the Old testament Sometimes known as the Torah

19 Clergy rabbis

20 House of Worship Synagogue Main day: Saturday

21 Holidays Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year) Yom Kippur (a Day of Atonement or confession Chanukah (a celebration of a military victory) Passover (a remembrance of the time the Hebrews lived in Egypt)

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