People to Know: Jefferson Davis-President of the Confederacy Abraham Lincoln-President of the Union
Commanders in the Civil War Ulysses. S. Grant- Commander of the Union Army. Robert E. Lee- Commander of the Confederate Army.
Who was Dred Scott? ◦Slave who sued for his freedom ◦Case went to Supreme Court ◦Declared that he is not a citizen and that slaves are property Who did Robert E. Lee surrender to at Appomattox? -Ulysses. S. Grant Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin? Harriet Beecher Stowe
Who earned a national reputation after debating Stephen Douglas when running for Illinois senator? Abraham Lincoln John Brown: Led a raid on the arsenal at Harper’s Ferry Whose 1850 compromise delayed the Civil War for 10 years? Henry Clay
Things to Know: What was an important factor in growing cotton in the 1800s? Slave Labor Which section of the country had few factories and why? South; they were primarily an agricultural economy.
What was the purpose of the 13 th amendment? ◦Free the slaves What was the purpose of the 14 th amendment? ◦Grant rights of citizenship to freed slaves What did the 15 th amendment do? ◦Gave black males the right to vote
“Government of the people, by the people and for the people” refers to what type of government? ◦Democracy
Three disadvantages of the South ◦1. Few factories ◦2. Less population ◦3. Few railroads Three advantages of the South ◦1. Fighting on home ground ◦2. Better generals ◦3. Fighting for their way of life
What is a primary source? ◦First hand account Ex: Autobiography, document, or recording. What is a secondary source? ◦Second hand account Ex: textbooks, encyclopedias and websites
How did Uncle Tom’s Cabin make Northerners feel? ◦That slavery was evil and should be abolished Why did the south have more slaves? ◦Plantations depended on slave labor
What famous speech did Abraham Lincoln make in 1863? ◦Gettysburg Address How did Lincoln want to treat the south after the war? ◦With Kindness Lincolngett.jpc-courtesy of lincoln memorial
List the major crops in the South: ◦Cotton, Rice, Tobacco, and Sugar What kind of labor did the North rely on? ◦Free labor or wage labor Sojourner Truth believed women should have what? ◦Equal rights
What did more soldiers during the Civil War die of? ◦Disease In the Dred Scott Decision, the Supreme Court said slaves were Property. One factor that led to the agricultural economy of the South was the warm climate.
Why were women’s rights reformers upset about the 15 th amendment? ◦Women still did not have the right to vote The Union gained control of the Miss. River after what battle? ◦Battle of Vicksburg Two strategies of the North during the War: ◦1. Capture the capital - Richmond, VA ◦2. Capture the Miss. River to split the Confederacy Two strategies of the South during the war: ◦1.Fight a defensive war and capture Washington D.C ◦2. Win recognition as an independent country
Who had more railroads? ◦North What incident marked the beginning of the Civil War? ◦Firing on Fort Sumter Who made a famous “march to the sea”? ◦General William Sherman (using “total war”)
What battle lasted three days and was the last time Lee took his army North? ◦Battle of Gettysburg What battle split the Confederacy? ◦Battle of Vicksburg What slaves did the Emancipation Proclamation free? ◦Only those in the rebelling states
Where did General Robert E. Lee surrender? ◦Appomattox Courthouse, VA When was the Civil War over? ◦April 9, 1865
Who shot Abraham Lincoln? ◦John Wilkes Booth When was Lincoln shot? ◦April 14, 1865 United States Library of Congress picLibrary of Congress
What was the rebuilding of the South after the war called? Reconstruction The Freedman’s Bureau was created 14 th and 15 th amendments passed Martial law established in Southern states