7. PolisSimilarities Athens and Sparta Phalanx Women couldn’t vote Spoke Greek Polytheistic Had slavery Delian League Won Persian War
8.Sparta won the Peloponnesian War ◊most of the war was fought on land and Sparta had a stronger army
9. Pericles made Athens into a direct democracy and paid public officials, therefore the poor could take part in gov’t and look out for their rights
10. Golden Age is a time of peace and prosperity ◊Led to cultural developments – art, literature, drama, philosophy, gov’t, architecture and science
11. Philosophy: SocratesPlatoAristotle ◊Father of Philosophy ◊Asked Greeks to question everything to find truth ◊Student of Socrates ◊Started The Academy ◊Wrote The Republic ◊ Student of Plato ◊ Started The Lyceum ◊Scientific Method
◊Drama: 1. Tragedy—serious drama about common themes 2. Comedy—contained slapstick humor and situations
◊Art: ◊Greek Sculpture: figures were graceful, strong and serene ◊Classical art—valued order, balance and proportion = REALISTIC!