Presentation on theme: "19 November 2014 Turn in your homework (5.3, periods 2, 7-9) Do Now: Write a min of 3 lines, is it important for you to have your voice heard when discussing."— Presentation transcript:
19 November 2014 Turn in your homework (5.3, periods 2, 7-9) Do Now: Write a min of 3 lines, is it important for you to have your voice heard when discussing things that may impact you? For example, your family decides to move. Today, I will understand and be able to explain what “No Taxation Without Representation.” I will be able to identify the impact that protest groups such as the Sons and Daughters of Liberty had on the Colonies.
Proclamation of 1763 *Drew an imaginary line along the Appalachian Mountains. *Colonists were not allowed to settle west of this line. *People that already lived there were supposed to move!!
Proclamation of 1763 Britain sent troops to enforce the law. Why did this anger the colonists?
Proclamation of 1763 Many colonists ignored the law. Daniel Boone – explored Kentucky & led settlers west.
Sugar Act - 1764 Taxed molasses. (What is Molasses??) A good thing?? Replaced an earlier tax that was incredibly high. Merchants smuggled molasses into the colonies to avoid paying the tax. Actually lowered the tax! Why were Colonists angry??
Stamp Act - 1765 Taxed legal documents. What’s this?? - wills, marriage papers Taxed newspapers, almanacs, playing cards & dice. Had to have a stamp to prove the tax had been paid.
Stamp Act - 1765 Stamp Taxes were common in Britain so why were the Colonists so angry?
No Taxation Without Representation! Colonists insisted that only THEIR elected representatives could impose a tax on them. They had NO elected representative in Parliament (British Government) therefore they could NOT tax the Colonies!
Stamp Act Congress - 1765 9 Colonies sent delegates. Wrote a petition to King George III which said they rejected the Stamp Act & that Britain had NO RIGHT to tax the Colonies. What is a petition?? Also decided to boycott all British goods.
Townshend Acts - 1767 Taxed glass, paper, paint, lead & TEA!! Writs of Assistance – allowed the British to search colonial ships to check for smuggled items. Many Colonists signed nonimportation agreements. What are these???
Quartering Act of 1767 Citizens of Port cities like Boston and New York were expected to provide (room and board) to all British soldiers. Also, during this time Britain sent official tax collectors to enforce the recently approved Townshend Acts. Several regiments of soldiers are sent into these port cities to protect the “customs officials
Resentment continues to build in the colonies How would you feel?
Boston Massacre - March 5, 1770 Britain had sent soldiers to Boston to protect customs officers. A crowd gathered & started to shout at the soldiers - “lobsterbacks” & started to throw snowballs & ice at the soldiers. 5 people were killed. After this things calmed down - for a while! This engraving was created by Paul Revere
Boston Massacre Fallout John Adams (eventual 2 nd POTUS) defends the soldiers and has their sentence dramatically reduced. Samuel Adams (John’s 2 nd cousin and active member of the S.O.L) expands his initial letter writing campaign…the committee of correspondence (information would be spread throughout the 13 colonies via letters…often discussing treasonous activities) Townshend Act will be REPEALED
Tea Act - 1773 Passed by Parliament to help the British East India Company. Allowed the company to sell its tea directly to the Colonists. This made tea CHEAPER than ever before!! Why were the Colonists angry??
Tea Act - 1773 Colonists were angry because: Tea Merchants had been cut out of the tea trade. Believed it was a trick to make them accept Parliament’s right to tax the Colonies. No Taxation Without Representation!
Stop! It’s been poisoned “ Do not suffer yourself to sip the accursed, dutied STUFF. For if you do, the devil will immediately enter into you, and you will instantly become a traitor to your country”
Boston Tea Party – December 16, 1773 Colonists boycott tea! Creating a nation of coffee drinkers?? Colonists dresses as Native Americans boarded ships in Boston Harbor & dumped the tea into the harbor. At this point, British tax collectors are being regularly beaten, tarred/feathered by protesters
Intolerable Acts -1774 1.Parliament closed the port of Boston. 2.Forbade Massachusetts to hold Town Meetings more than once a year – had to have permission of the governor. 3.Any official charged with a crime had to be put on trial in Britain. 4.Quartering Act – Colonists had to house British troops!