Presentation on theme: "Kate MacDonald & Maha Nagaria Computers 8 Body's quickest source of energy Provides glucose so the body can function without fatigue Composed of:"— Presentation transcript:
Body's quickest source of energy Provides glucose so the body can function without fatigue Composed of: Sugars (Simple carbs) Starches (Complex carbs) Some types of sugar: Sucrose – table sugar Fructose – sugar in fruits, honey and corn Lactose – sugar in milk
The most common nutrient consumed Is broken down into glucose Grains are quick source of long-lasting energy Candy is quick source of short energy / “sugar crashes” Found in: Rice, vegetables, cereal, pasta, candy, etc …
Used to build muscle & body tissues Makes hemoglobin: Part of red blood cells that carry oxygen Types: Animal protein Called complete since it contains all essential amino acids amino acidsamino acids Vegetable protein Called incomplete since it lacks in some essential amino acids
Composed of long chain of amino acids Basic units of protein used to maintain muscles/tissues Different proteins used to build different parts The commonly uneaten parts of veggies are higher in protein Activity and motion puts protein to work! Found in: Meat, eggs, nuts, soy & dairy products, etc…
Used to build the lining of cells Helps absorb vitamins Provides body fuel using carbs and protein carbsproteincarbsprotein Three main types: Saturated: Can increase cholesterol and risk of heart disease Unsaturated: Can be good for heart health Trans: Can increase cholesterol and risk of heart disease
Is stored for future use Protective seal in body, more effective than skin “Better” fat is a healthy source of energy “Bad” fat is harder to burn off and adds on Fat cells can increase in number,not decrease! Found in: Butter, vegetable oil, meat, nuts, pastries, etc…
Improves bowel movement and digestion Bowel movement is also considered poop Cleans out intestines Increases: Amount of water in stool Time food takes to digest Two types: Soluble: Forms a gel when mixed with liquid Insoluble: Passes through the intestines largely intact
Type of nutrient that CAN’T be digested Lowers risk of heart disease & diabetes Once ingested, absorbs water and gets bigger Highly essential for the elderly Found in: Bread, cereal, fruits, vegetables, baked goods, etc…
Help keep your body strong and healthy Vitamins target and improve specific parts of the body Such as the eyes, bones, teeth, skin, etc… Two types: Fat soluble: Stored in fat tissues and liver for later use Water soluble: Travel through bloodstream Unused ones are disposed when you urinate (pee)
Some vitamins: Vitamin A: Improves eyesight Found in carrots, orange and green vegetables, etc… Vitamin B: (biggest group of vitamins) Improve metabolism and make red blood cells Found in fish, meat, milk, etc… Found in: Salads, water, fruit, vegetables, etc…
Aid in proper growth and development Some help with transmitting nerve impulses Types: Macrominerals: Body needs larger amounts of this than trace Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, etc… Trace minerals: Body needs only a bit of each mineral Iron, manganese, copper, etc…
Minerals (dietary) share many traits with vitamins vitamins Such as quantity, functions, vitality for body, etc. Some minerals: Iron: Vital in formation of hemoglobin hemoglobin Found in leafy vegetables Calcium: Helps build strong bones and teeth Found in dairy Found in: Meat, dairy products, fish, leafy green veggies, etc...
Needed to transport nutrients and waste Makes up over half of body weight Without water, blood cells will die Water is contained in all foods Contains lymph: Fluid in immune system that fights illness Has no calories, so its the healthy choice!