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Pre-Civil War Reformers 1820 - 1860
Charles Grandison Finney Famous Preacher Figure in the Second Great Awakening & Revival Movement
Joseph Smith and Brigham Young Mormon leaders Led followers west to escape persecution Settled near Great Salt Lake Utah
Dorothea Dix Prison reformer Promoted hospitals for mentally ill (rather than using prisons)
Horace Mann Educational reformer promoted public schools and teacher training programs
Reverend Lyman Beecher Leader in the Temperance Movement Little or no use of alcohol
Emily Dickinson Poetry reflects loneliness Not publicly recognized during her lifetime
William Lloyd Garrison White abolitionist leader Published “The Liberator”
Frederick Douglass Black abolitionist leader Published “The North Star”
Sojourner Truth Former slave Abolitionist and Women’s Rights activist
Nat Turner Led unsuccessful slave revolt in 1831 Strengthened Southern support to defend slavery
Harriet Tubman Former slave Famous conductor in Underground Railroad Abolitionist public speaker
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin Book’s impact was one of the causes of the Civil War
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Leader at Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 Co-wrote “The Declaration of Sentiments”
Lucretia Mott Leader at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 Co-wrote “The Declaration of Sentiments”
Elizabeth Blackwell –1 st female doctor in United States –Opened her own clinic
Margaret Fuller –Advocated that women could have opinions outside the Cult of Domesticity –Advocated for birth control
Samuel F.B. Morse Inventor of telegraph and Morse Code Improved communication and commerce
Elias Howe and I.M. Singer Invented sewing machine with foot treadle Reduced time needed to make shoes and clothes
John Deere Invented steel plow Reduced time needed to plant Opened up more land for farming
Cyrus McCormick Invented mechanical reaper Reduced time required for harvest Made larger farms possible
Robert Fulton Advanced the design of the steamboat Led to improvements in transportation and commerce
Charles Goodyear Invented vulcanized rubber Does not freeze or melt at extreme temperatures
James Fenimore Cooper First major American novelist Wrote about frontier life/adventures The Last of the Mohicans
Washington Irving Father of the American short story “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”
Edger Allen Poe Father of American Mystery writers Known for horror stories “The Tell Tale Heart”
Nathaniel Hawthorne American author Wrote “The Scarlett Letter”
Herman Melville American author famous for novels of the sea Wrote Moby Dick
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow American poet Known for Mother Goose Nursery Rhymes Wrote “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”
Ralph Waldo Emerson –Chief spokesperson for Transcendentalism (reaction against the scientific rationalism) – wrote Walden Pond
Peter Cooper –1 st American Steam locomotive (1830)
Henry David Thoreau –Protested the Mexican War by refusing to pay his taxes –Wrote Duty of Civil Disobedience "That government is best which governs least"
Walt Whitman Father of “free verse” in poetry Wrote openly about death, sexuality, and equality of races Famous work: Leaves of Grass
John James Audubon -published Birds of America, an art book showing North American birds Promoted the preservation of nature Photo of White Gyrfalcons
George Catlin Documented tribal life of Native Americans White Cloud, Chief of the Iowas
1 Ch. 15 The Ferment and Reform of Culture. 2 2 nd Great Awakening Western New York State called “The Burnt Over District” Methodists & Baptists Frontier.
Important American Writers. Washington Irving Best known for his short stories, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle.” Sleepy Hollow is the.
16.3 Benchmark Review Describe the development of the agrarian economy in the South, identify the locations of the cotton-producing states, and discuss.
Ch. 15: The Spirit of Reform
Reform Movements between 1800 and 1860
R E F O R M. Wave of Religious excitement Meetings called “revivals”
Unit Four: Reform Movement Vocabulary. Day 1 Transcendentalism: A philosophical and literary movement of the 1800s that emphasized living a simple life.
The Beginnings of an American Culture ArtMusicLiterature.
The Ferment of Reform and Culture Chapter 15. Second Great Awakening ¾ of 23 million Americans attended church ¾ of 23 million Americans attended church.
Reform Movements in a Changing America Between 1840 and 1860, 4 million immigrants flooded into the U.S.—most were Irish and German escaping economic or.
New Movements in America
SOL Quiz 14 Cultural Changes II Which person has been called the Father of the American Industrial Revolution? a. John Rolfe b. Eli Whitney.
30 pt5 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt Age of Invention Reforms Arts and.
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt 2pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt VocabularyReformsAbolitionCulture.
STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 13 &14. WHY DID LARGE NUMBERS OF IRISH IMMIGRATE TO THE U.S.? A consistent potato famine in Ireland Faced starvation if they remained.
CH. 5-3: BIRTH OF THE AMERICAN REFORM MOVEMENT Women were not permitted to vote in federal elections until They were very active in reform movements.
Early 19 th Century Reformers. Women’s Rights Movement Cult of domesticity Housework & child care only proper activities for married women Seneca Falls.
Chapter 11: Society, Culture, and Reform ( )
1 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt Artists.
STAAR 8 th Grade Social Studies CATEGORY TWO continued: SOCIAL INFLUENCES/CULTURE.
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