Presentation on theme: "Section 3 The Federalists in Charge"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 3 The Federalists in Charge Chapter 9Section 3The Federalists in Charge
2 Washington RetiresWashington retired after serving 2 terms (8 years) in office. It was his decision to retire.John Adams was elected president in He was a Federalist. Thomas Jefferson became vice-president….he was a Democratic Republican.
4 Election of 1796Adams received 71 electoral votes and Jefferson received 68 votes. The Constitution stated that the runner-up will be the vice-president. We now had a president and a vice-president from 2 different political parties. >>>Would that work today???
5 President John Adams: Federalist Party Vice-President Thomas Jefferson: Democratic-Republican Party
6 Adams was the first president to live in the White House. Mrs. Adams hanging laundry in the White House.Adams was the first president to live in the White House.
12 Terms and NamesForeign Policy: relations with governments of other countries.XYZ Affair: French agents tired to blackmail and bride U.S. officials
13 Political PartiesPolitical Party: a group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government. It backs candidates for office.Today we have the Democratic Party, the Republican Party, the Independent Party, the Green Party, etc…..
15 The First Political Parties Democratic-Republican PartyJefferson and MadisonLimited National GovernmentStrict ConstructionSupporters were farmers and workersFederalist PartyHamiltonStrong National GovernmentLoose ConstructionSupporters were lawyers, merchants, manufacturers
16 Terms and NamesAlien and Sedition Acts: targeted aliens (immigrants who are not yet citizens) for the country’s problems. They were arrested, outlawed from saying harmful things about the government, and their citizenship was delayed.States’ Rights: states had rights that the federal government could not violate.
17 Using Graphics Alien and Sedition Acts Increased time to become a U.S. citizenTargeted AliensAlien and Sedition ActsStopped freedom of speechPresident can arrest disloyal aliens
18 Main IdeasA. Washington warned against political parties and he urged the county to remain neutral. >>>Did the country follow his advice?B. Political parties came about due to disagreements over how to run the country, and differences over how to interpret the Constitution.
19 Main IdeasC. Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts of silence people who criticized the government. Kentucky and Virginia argued that the acts were against the Constitution. >>>What do you think?
20 Critical ThinkingWhat do you think of Washington’s advice about political parties? Are different political parties good or bad for the country?