Presentation on theme: "Section 7.3 Learning Goals: I will understand key terms: rotation, revolution, tilt, solstice, eclipse I will understand how Earth’s tilt affect the season."— Presentation transcript:
Section 7.3 Learning Goals: I will understand key terms: rotation, revolution, tilt, solstice, eclipse I will understand how Earth’s tilt affect the season. I will understand how the Moon affects tides I will understand how eclipses occur.
Earth’s Rotation: Earth spins on its axis = ROTATION it takes Earth 24 hours to rotate Earth’s Revolution: Earth moves around the Sun = REVOLUTION it takes Earth 365.25 days to revolve Earth’s Tilt: Earth is tilted 23.5 from the vertical
Gravitation force: the force of attraction between all masses in the Universe Earth stays in orbit because of the balance between its forward speed and the Sun’s gravitational pull
Solstice: when the tilt is either closest or furthest from the Sun – first day of Summer (closest tilt) first day of Winter (furthest tilt) Equinox: when the hours of daylight = hours of darkness (first day of Spring & first day of Fall)
Eclipse: the darkening of a celestial object due to the position of another celestial object Lunar Eclipse: Occurs when the Earth is positioned between the Sun and the Moon. Solar Eclipse: occurs when the Moon is positioned between the Sun and Earth