Home before the leaves fall! The Schlieffen Plan
Gentlemen, we will fight on the Marne. 1914-1917 Schlieffen Plan fails. For next three years, the western front will move less than 3 miles either way. It stretched from the North Sea to Switzerland. The battles of the Marne, Somme, Ypres, and Verdun will be legendary for their ferocity and their futility. Millions will die.
A New Kind of War World War I was the first modern war. Tanks, poison gas, machine guns, long range artillery, hand grenades, airplanes and submarines will used- some for the first time. Dog Tags were created for the first time to identify dead soldiers. Tactics had not caught up to the new technologies and the loss of life was horrendous.
The Coming of the End 1917-1918 The United States enters the war in April of 1917 due to Allied propaganda, unrestricted submarine warfare by the Germans and the Zimmerman Telegram. Russia leaves the war in November of 1917 due to Bolshevik revolution. It becomes a race between the two sides to get fresh troops to the western front for a spring offensive to end the war.
The End November 11, 1918 The Germans massed a spring offensive that failed at the Marne River again. The Allies, led by the fresh US troops launched a fall offensive through the Argonne Forest which ended the war. Armistice signed in a railcar on the 11 th hour of the 11 th day of the 11 th month.
The Death of A Generation IN Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie, In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields. John McCrae (1872-1918)
Significance of the War Deaths Cost 200 Billion in 1918 dollars- today that would be 2.7 trillion dollars. ($1 in 1918 = $13.48 today) Problems in Middle East today created due to WWI (Palestine issues, Iraq, Iran) First weapons of mass destruction created (gas) Holocaust of WWII direct result of WWI