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A Spatial Way of Thinking

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Presentation on theme: "A Spatial Way of Thinking"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Spatial Way of Thinking
CHAPTER 2 A Spatial Way of Thinking

2 Essential Question Why do geographers use a variety of maps to represent the world?

3 Geoterms Climate: the pattern of weather over a long period of time
Economic Activity: any action that relates to the making, buying, and selling of goods and services Landform: any natural feature of Earth’s surface that has a distinct shape. Landforms include major features such as continents, plains, plateaus, and mountain ranges. They also include features such as hills, valleys, canyons, and dunes. Physical Feature: any natural characteristic of Earth’s surface, such as landforms and bodies of water Population Density: the average number of people who live in a unit of area, such as a square mile. Population density measures how crowded an area is. Regions: an area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas Thematic Map: a map that shows a particular theme, or topic Vegetation: all the plants and trees in an area

4 The Geographic Setting: Thematic Maps
Thematic Maps Can Show Physical Geography Physical Features Landforms – mountains, valleys, rivers, streams, plains, and plateaus Climate – determines the types of vegetation that will grow in an area Thematic Maps Can Show Human Geography Population Density Economic Activity A Map’s Title and Legend State Its Theme

5 Mapping Earth’s Physical Features
Common Landforms Mountain Ranges Plateaus Canyons Peninsulas Bodies of Water Lakes Oceans Gulfs Rivers

6 Hot, Cold, Wet, Dry: Earth’s Climate
Climate Zones Particular temperature patterns Precipitation rain, snow, and other moisture Climagraph used to show the average temperature and precipitation in a place over a year Location Affects Climate Latitude most important – tropics, North & South poles Elevation high elevations have colder climates Large bodies of water Costal areas have even year round temps More extreme climates are found further inland

7 Trees and Other Plants: Earth’s Vegetation
Vegetation is Adapted to Its Environment Desert – hot and dry (arid climate) Cactus and other scrubby brush Tundra – cold and dry Small plants, bushes, and wildflowers Humid Continental– warm, rainy summers and cool, snowy winters Fir and pine trees Global Vegetation Zones In each zone, a certain mix of plants has adapted to similar conditions

8 Where People Live: Population Density
Population Density Measures Crowding

9 Economic Activity: Land and Resources
Land Use Shows How People Make a Living Land Use Farming Grazing flocks of cattle, goats, and sheep Mining Natural Resources Affect Economic Activities Nation’s Natural Resources Forestry – the harvest of trees to produce wood products Oceans – fishing Minerals – iron, cooper, gold, etc. Fossil Fuels – oil, coal, and natural gas Rivers – dams built to produce hydroelectric power

10 Organizing Earth’s Surface: Regions
Unique Features Define a Region Sunbelt – region defined by physical, or natural features Warm, sunny climate Cornbelt – region defined by human features Raising corn is an important economic activity Dividing the World into Seven Major Regions The regions are large, but each has its own distinct features







17 Essential Question Why do geographers use a variety of maps to represent the world?

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