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Published byRoss Anthony Modified over 7 years ago
Welcome to Ellis Island! Opening the Golden Door!
Ellis Island opened in 1892 as a federal immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years (it closed in 1954). Millions of newly arrived immigrants passed through the station during that time--in fact, it has been estimated that close to 40 percent of all current U.S. citizens can trace at least one of their ancestors to Ellis Island. Students will explore the following links about Ellis Island. http://www.history.com/topics/ellis-island Opening the Gate http://library.thinkquest.org/5101/brief.history.htm Our Ancestors www.history.com/topics/ellis-island Looking at the Past www.history.com/topics/ellis-island
The Creation of Lady Liberty! The following links will let students explore the making of the Statue of Liberty. The Man With a Plan http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/statueofliberty/ Creating Lady Liberty http://www.history.com/topics/statue-of-liberty/videos#the-statue-of-liberty Unveiling a Masterpiece http://www.history.com/topics/statue-of-liberty/videos#the-statue-of-liberty /
Sculptor: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi Construction of the Statue began in France in 1875.
The Statue was completed in Paris in June, 1884. In early 1885, the statue was dismantled and shipped to the U.S. Fun Fact: Number of individual pieces shipped to US: 350 Number of crates required: 214
Statue of Liberty circa 1890
Date of Final Assembly of statue & pedestal: 1886 Official accepting Statue on behalf of US: President Grover Cleveland Date of Acceptance by President: October 28, 1886 Part of Acceptance Statement by President Cleveland: "We will not forget that liberty here made her home; nor shall her chosen altar be neglected". Government Official Who Vetoed Funding for Pedestal in 1884: President Grover Cleveland
* Wind speed at which Statue sways 3 inches (7.62 cm): 50 mph *Torch sway in 50 mph wind: 5 inches (12.7 cm). *Number of windows in the crown: 25 *Number of spikes in the crown: Seven rays of the diadem (7 oceans of the World) *Hand with which Statue holds tablet: Left *Inscription on tablet: "July 4, 1776" (in Roman numerals)
*Height from base to torch 152' 2" *Length of hand: 16' 5" (5.00m) *Index finger: 8' 0“ *Length of nose: 4' 6“ *Total weight of Statue: 450,000 pounds (225 tons)
*View of Statue of Liberty from World Trade Center Observatory
*View of Statue of Liberty from World Trade Center Roof
*Bartholdi intentionally clothed Liberty as a classical Roman diety. She wears a palla, a cloak that is fastened on her left shoulder by a clasp. Underneath is a stola, which falls in many folds to her feet.
Fun Fact *Length of sandal: 25'-0" US Women's Shoe Size based on standard formula: 879
*7 Spikes in the Crown represent: - Either Seven Seas: Arctic, Antarctic, North & South Atlantic, North & South Pacific, Indian. - Or Seven Continents: North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia
*25 windows in the crown represent: "natural minerals" of the earth *Toga represents: The Ancient Republic of Rome *Torch represents: Enlightenment *Chains underfoot represent: Liberty crushing the chains of slavery *Location of alternate entrance: Sole of Liberty's right foot
*Steps to crown: 354 steps (22 stories) This ascent is not recommended for those with health problems. An elevator which goes as high as the top of the pedestal is also available. Visitors who take the elevator to the top of the pedestal cannot then climb to the crown. *Steps from ground to top of pedestal: 192
View From Crown
View of arm from inside
A Symbol To All Who See Her The New Colussus http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/statueofliberty/ The End of an Era www.immigrantconnect.org/2009/.../ellis-island—why-did-it-close-2/
* This bronze plaque was presented by philanthropist Georgiana Schuyler in 1903, twenty years after Emma Lazarus wrote her sonnet. Originally displayed on the interior wall of the Statue of Liberty's pedestal, it was placed in the Liberty exhibit in the base of the monument in July, 1886.
Poem by Emma Lazarus written in 1883 to help fundraising for the Pedestal: (Bronze plaque with the poem was mounted in the base of the Statue in 1903) The New Colossus Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, with conquering limbs astride from land to land; Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand a mighty woman with a torch, whose flame is the imprisoned lightning, and her name Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame, "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she with silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
Students will research their last name to find possible ancestors. Cooperative groups will create posters depicting Lady Liberty and state at least three facts about her. Students will also design a postcard. They will write a short message to a family member that includes one fact of the statue. The front of the postcard will be picture of the Statue of Liberty or New York Harbor.
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