2 Southern EconomyThe southern economy became based on commercial agriculture (farming).
3 The Rise of Plantations Tobacco became the South’s first cash crop.South Carolina’s main cash crops were rice and indigo.Plantations developed because these crops need specific climates and intensive labor.
4 TobaccoEnglish demand for Tobacco caused Tobacco prices to skyrocket in the Americas.At this time farmers located their farms or plantations near rivers to transport their Tobacco goods cheaply.Few roads were built in the region.X
5 We Want YouThe Southern Colonies had plenty of land, but not enough workers.England didn’t have enough land, but too many possible workers.These unemployed Englishmen became indentured servants.Indentured Servants- Sold labor for cost of trip to America, food, clothing, and shelter. Contract would last 1-2 years, 4 years, or even up to 7 years. EEK!50% of all Indentured Servants died in 1600s
6 South Carolina’s Cash Crops South Carolina imported rice from Jamaica and Barbados along with enslaved Africans who knew how to cultivate it.Indigo became successful when 17 year old Eliza Lucas found out it was best suitable for sandy high grounds, not swampy lowlands where rice grows best.
7 Big Guys V Little Guys “Big Guys” Plantation owners could afford more indentured servants, slaves, and land-so they expanded their land and wealth.Gentry-Planter Elite had influence and controlled everything.They no longer worked alongside their workers/slaves, and tried to be as English as they could.
10 Little GuysMost farmers weren’t plantation farmers, but farmers with small plots of land.Subsistence Farming- farming to feed the familyThey were self-sufficient.
11 William Berkeley William Berkeley- Governor of Virginia. His corrupt policies1) Controlled and appointed Councilors2) Stacked House of Burgesses with his supporters3) Exempted himself and Councilors from taxation4) Restricted voting to property owners
12 Nathaniel Bacon’s Beef Bacon’s plantation on the frontier was attacked by Native Americans.Berkeley did not want further military action against the Native Americans (Susquehannock) – and instead just built more forts.Bacon, a Councilor, took on the cause of the small plot farmers who wanted Native American land.
13 Bacon Takes ActionBacon raised a militia and attacked the Native Americans.The House of Burgesses is reelected (on Berkeley’s command), and they allow Bacon to raise 1,000 troops, allow all free men to vote, and took away tax exemptions.Bacon was still angry with Berkeley, and took over Jamestown with hundreds of his armed supporters. He accused Berkeley of corruption, and Berkeley fled and formed his own army.
14 Place Your Bets Ladies and Gentleman! Corrupt JerkAnd PoliticianVengeful Defenderof Little GuysvsWho Wins and Why?Place Your Bets Ladies and Gentleman!
15 Who Wins Bacon’s Rebellion? The battle lasted months from July 1676 through October 1676.Bacon was hiding in a swamp, and he died from being sick.His army became ineffectual without his leadership.Berkeley wins.x
16 Significance of Bacon’s Rebellion Wealthy Planters – “big guys” realize they need to allow the “little guys” to expand their farms into Native American territory to keep the peace.Slavery increases in VirginiaX
17 Why More Slaves?Indentured Servants had to be freed and given land, slaves did not.Pennsylvania had cheap land, so no need to be an Indentured Servant.England’s King Charles II became involved in the slave trade – so easier to get slaves.
18 The Middle Passage10-12 million of slaves were traded to the Americas by 1870, and 2 million of them died on the Middle Passage.Middle Passage - From the West Coast of Africa (to Europe) to the AmericasOlaudah Equiano wrote his memoirs on the Middle Passage and slavery when he became free.Slaves were treated like indentured servants, their children were not always enslaved, and many became Christians
21 Slavery in 1840 vs African American Population in 2000
22 Slave CodeAfter the 1660s, slaves went from being treated like indentured servants to being treated as slaves.Slavery became hereditary.Africans were denied rights that the Colonial settlers had.Slave Code- Slaves were regulated in what they could and could not do. Slaves couldn’t own property or testify against whites in courts in the beginning. The slave’s position in society was also defined.