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Louis XIV The Sun King “L’Etat c’est moi”
Louis fought many war that put France into debt
Louis XV Unwilling or unable to fix problems
Madam Pompadour “After us the deluge”
Louis XVI Honest but stubborn and stupid
Marie Antoinette “Let them eat cake”
3 Estates 1 st Estate – Clergy ½% own 10% 2 nd Estate – Nobles <2% own 30% 3 rd Estate – 98% own 30%
Problem: Not enough revenue Why? Only tax 3 rd Estate
To tax all 3 must call: Estates General 3 rd Estate breaks away meets on tennis court - National Assembly
Tennis Court Oath
People worried Louis will attack Assembly Goes to Bastille to get arms
Declaration of the Rights of Man *natural rights: liberty, property, security *freedom of thought & religion *due process of law *equality under the law
Some nobles begin to flee Émigrés
Revolution splitting into two groups: Moderates Radicals or Jacobins
Jacobins gain control of Assembly Form new legislative body The National Convention They arrest the King and Queen
Louis XVI guillotined January 21, 1793
Convention sets up COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY Maximilien Robspierre
Reign of Terror Sept 1793 – July 1794
300,000 arrested 17,000 executed
Robespierre begins arresting other members of the Revolution
July 27, 1794 Members of the Convention arrest Robespierre and execute him
Moderates get control Constitution of 1795 *Directory – 5 man committee
People upset that Directory can’t solve problems of France People rise up in the streets Directory sends young general to stop them
Napoleon overthrows Directory Makes himself: 1 st Consul 1 st Consul for life Emperor
Napoleon wins support of people *controls prices *agreement with Church *gets some émigrés to return *jobs on ability
CODE NAPOLEON *equality before the law *religious toleration *abolishes feudalism (payments by peasants to nobles)
WAR In Spain, people fighting occupation “Little war” = guerrilla
England helps Spain Duke of Wellington
Napoleon invades Russia
Defeated at Leipzig Abdicates Goes into exile on Elba
Louis XVIII Brother of Louis XVI
Napoleon escapes Defeated at Waterloo by Wellington
Exiled on St. Helena
Congress of Vienna
Restores ‘legitimacy’ Restores monarchs in France, Spain, Portugal and Italian States
The French Revolution Begins
Ch. 23 Notes The French Revolution and Napoleon (1789 – 1815)
French Revolution. Strengthening the Crown Cardinal Richelieu- advisor to French monarch –Goal: strengthen the monarchy Louis XIV: inherited throne at.
Vocabulary 1.Bourgeoisie 2.Deficit spending 3.Faction 4.Émigré 5.Republic 6.Suffrage 7.Nationalism 8.Secular 9.Plebiscite 10. Annex 11. Blockade 12. Guerrilla.
JEOPARDY The French Revolution and Napoleon Categories
The French Revolution Louis XVI - Napoleon. Setting the Stage 1788 King Louis XVI needs cash – France bankrupt Fighting the British during the 7 Years.
A Review of The French Revolution. Estate System Who makes up the 3 estates in France? 1 st Estate: Clergy 2 nd Estate: Nobles 3 rd Estate: Majority of.
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
The French Revolution pt. I Causes for a Peasant Revolt against the King.
French Revolution. France…. Background Buildup of autocracy in 15 th -16 th centuries Largely Catholic –Huguenots (Protestant) a sizeable minority –Fighting.
The French Revolution ( ). I. Causes of Revolution 1.Serious fiscal problems in France – war debts amassed in 1780s (50% of taxes to pay) – 25%
The French Revolution Recap. Causes Debt Poor Leadership Inequity Tension and frustration Tax breaks for the wealthy Oppression of the poor.
Review and Aftermath of the French Revolution / Napoleon November 5, 2009.
Chapter 6 The French Revolution and Napoleon. General Causes Large gap between the rich and the poor Heavy tax burden on the Third Estate Large.
The Age of Revolutions “Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable” JFK.
Welcome to the review for French Rev. Test Inbox - Make sure you have the following vocabulary words in your sourcebook: BourgeoisieDeficit Spending FactionÉmigré.
French Revolution -The Moderate Stage ( ) -The Radical Stage ( ) The Reign of terror -The Directory ( ) -The Age of Napoleon ( )
French Revolution. Prior to the revolution New views of power and authority Bad weather destroyed harvests Financial bankruptcy of the government.
Graphic Organizer. Third Estate takes Tennis Court oath Storming of the Bastille Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen National Assembly.
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